How to Make Sourdough? Tips
Do you remember the smell of toasted bread on the stove on cold winter days?
The smell of real bread. Here is the sourdough that gives bread that smell. The history of sourdough bread, which is a recent trend, goes back to ancient times. Don’t worry that it is the new fashion, sourdough has been on our table for 5000 years .
With the discovery of the fermentation process in Mesopotamia, the bread made with flour and water by the Egyptians met with yeast. In recent days, when healthy eating is being talked about more, sourdough bread varieties are also available in almost every market. It is the crown jewel of our table with its taste as well as the benefits of sourdough bread.
What is Sourdough?
- After flour, salt and water, yeast is the most important ingredient of bread, which is the cornerstone of the cuisine of almost every country.
- Sourdough, on the other hand, is the choice of health enthusiasts due to its natural production. Sourdough is a type of yeast that can breathe without oxygen named “Saccharomyces cerevisiae” obtained from grape skin.
- This yeast is also used in the fermentation of beverages such as beer and wine. The effect that gives a bubbly texture to the bread is given by the production of carbon dioxide by the yeast.
- Living yeast performs the fermentation process by respiration without oxygen, and the carbohydrate formed as a result of fermentation makes the bread rise.
- Sourdough, which requires special attention, patience and effort, is one of the most delicious miracles of nature.
- Also, sourdough is special. Everyone can make sourdough, which has a unique recipe.
- So much so that in Italy and France, two countries famous for the beauty of their pastries, sourdough types that have been kept alive for centuries are kept as family secrets.
- You can also create your own secret and bake healthy breads with sourdough benefits that are crispy and fragrant.
- Patience is the most important ingredient in making sourdough . You can make sourdough using only flour and water.
- However, a quality sourdough requires grapes or chickpeas. A handful of peeled grapes, a sterilized glass jar, quality flour and drinking water: these four essential ingredients are enough to make sourdough.
- The type of flour does not matter, it can be rye, wheat or any type of flour you want.
- Now that our ingredients are ready, we can start the sourdough preparation process:
- Chop a handful of raisins and put them in a glass jar. Add 1 cup of flour and 1 cup of water to the jar.
- Wrap the jar with a dry and clean cloth and leave it in a warm environment for 1 day.
- Sometimes a day is enough for fermentation to start, but this process can take 4-5 days. Be patient.
- If tiny bubbles form on your mix, your yeast is alive.
- Remove the sliced grapes with the help of a wooden spoon. Transfer to another plate to use half of your sourdough. Continue feeding by adding some water and flour to your remaining yeast.
- It is also quite simple to understand whether your sourdough is ready or not.
- If your yeast sinks to the bottom when placed in water, you should wait a little longer because your yeast is not ready yet. You can use your yeast when it floats on water.
How to Feed Sour Yeast?
- You’ve made your sourdough, you’re sure it’s ready. How is sourdough reproduced? to the answer to the question.
- It is reproduced by the sourdough feeding process. You can take 50 or 200 grams of your yeast at the same times every day, add 100 grams of flour and 100 milliliters of water instead, and make the feeding process.
- Instead of water, you can add grape juice, cranberry or molasses. The most important issue in making sourdough is the quality of the flour you use.
- You should feed with quality and organic flour. Sourdough that you keep in a warm corner of your house and in a glass jar becomes ready for use after a 10-day wait.
- At the end of this period, you can put your yeast in the glass jar in the refrigerator.
- Do not forget to continue the feeding process, he is a living creature and needs feeding.
What are the Benefits of Sourdough Bread? Are There Any Damages?
- The materials used in its construction are organic, natural and additive-free.
- It is a probiotic because of the beneficial bacteria and fungi it contains. It strengthens the intestinal flora. Increases body resistance.
- As sourdough bread waits, the rate of fungi and bacteria increases, which causes the bread to go stale later.
- It contains high B12. It strengthens memory.
- The lactic acid that emerges during fermentation breaks down gluten and starch and provides easy digestion.
- Due to its ability to break down gluten in wheat, those with gluten sensitivity and celiac disease can consume sourdough bread . When sourdough is consumed with gluten-free flours, it can have therapeutic properties for celiac patients.
- It has a low glycemic index and therefore raises blood sugar slowly. This creates a feeling of satiety for a long time. It is also suitable for diabetics as it slowly raises blood sugar.
- Is sour yeast, which is shown as one of the foods that must be found on our table with its benefits, harmful?
- There is no known harm of sourdough, but it is not recommended for people who are allergic to sourdough.
- When these people consume yeast, they experience bloating, fatigue, dizziness, heartburn, nausea, and skin rashes.
What is the Calorie Value of Sourdough Bread?
- Do not think that organic, natural, additive-free and nutritious sourdough bread reduces the calorie content.
- It’s still high in calories. 1 medium slice of sourdough bread, which is approximately 60 grams, is approximately 195 calories.
- It is the probiotic in its content that makes sourdough bread valuable. The fact that it is easy to digest and slowly raises blood sugar is the reason why it is preferred more than other breads.
- Bread, one slice of which contains 36 grams of carbohydrates, is a healthy option with 8.5 grams of protein.
- In addition to these, it takes its place in healthy nutrition programs due to its sodium, potassium, calcium, iron and high fiber content.
Where to Buy Sourdough? How is it stored?
- Let’s come to the question of where to buy sourdough. Sourdough, which requires patience and effort to be made at home, is also sold ready-made for those who do not want to deal with it.
- Even if you are too lazy to buy it from the market, you can buy ready-made sourdough by ordering it online.
- You can find sourdough in almost all big markets, bakeries and patisseries these days when the healthy life trend is widespread.
- Making bread at home with the sourdough you buy is less troublesome.
- A glass jar should be used as a sourdough storage container and should be stored in the refrigerator.
- So, does ready-made sourdough go bad? As with every nutrient, sourdough also spoils if not stored properly.
What to do with Sour Yeast?
- Let’s make a reminder for those who say where can I use sourdough:
- You can use sourdough, which has countless benefits, while preparing floury foods and making bread.
To prepare crunchy cereals, you can use the yeast selection for sourdough.
- When you want to prepare pastry, you can use sour yeast to serve a useful pastry that tastes like bread.
- If you want to make natural biscuits at home, we recommend using sourdough. It will be low-calorie and will provide satiety for a longer time.
- You can also make sandwich bread more satisfying with the flavor of sourdough. To get hungry late at school and at work, you can prepare sandwiches and toast with sourdough bread.
- Those who are on a diet can cook breadcrumbs using sourdough. You can consume sourdough breadcrumbs for a very light and delicious taste in between meals.