How to store plums
The storage rules for plums depend on their degree of ripeness and variety. Unripe fruits should not be placed in the cold. The ripening process, in this case, will not occur, and instead of juiciness and freshness, the result of such storage will be wilting and rotting.
Rules of storing plums :
- unripe plums should be stored at room temperature (it is better to use paper bags if you need to speed up the ripening process);
- if plums ripen at home, then they should be placed in the refrigerator only when the desired degree of ripeness is reached;
- it is not recommended to store plums at room temperature on the windowsill or in other places that imply direct sunlight on the fruits (from light and heat, plums can deteriorate in just one day);
- if during storage the plums have acquired a “dusty” bloom, then this should not be considered a deviation (such bloom is typical for ripe plums);
- it is not recommended to store plums in plastic bags (if you cannot avoid putting fruits in a bag, then in no case should it be tied tightly, there must be oxygen inside it);
- for storing large plums, you can use cardboard egg cartons (this method is used when storing plums in the refrigerator);
- when storing plums in plastic bags, it is imperative to pump out all the air (this is done using a special compressor);
- from high air humidity, plums can start to deteriorate earlier than expected (the maximum humidity indicator should not be higher than 90%);
- if you store plums in the refrigerator at a constant temperature of 0 degrees, then their pulp may darken (the storage temperature should be within 5-6 degrees);
- despite the long shelf life (two to three weeks), it is better to eat plums as early as possible (the longer the fruits are stored, the less saturated their taste and aroma becomes);
- before freezing the plums, the bones must be removed from them;
- if there are a lot of drains, then they can be stored on the balcony (in a darkened area) by placing them in wooden boxes, previously covered with paper;
- if plums are stored in a box, then the number of layers should be minimal to exclude damage to the fruits on the bottom (3-4 layers maximum).
You can prepare plums for long-term storage using a simple procedure. If you first bring the fruits to maturity at room temperature, then stand for 15 hours at 0 degrees in the refrigerator, and only then provide a temperature of 2-5 degrees, then they will remain of better quality and will not lose their rich taste characteristics for three weeks. This method is suitable for unripe plums or durum fruits.
How much to store plums
Temperature from +20 to +25 degrees keeps plums fresh for several days and allows unripe pods to become more tender and juicy. If the plums were stored in such a temperature regime and did not start to deteriorate, then they can be extended in the refrigerator.
Ripe plums can be stored in the refrigerator for 10-14 days. Place the fruits in the fruit compartment. In such a compartment, the optimal temperature is created, and when it decreases, the fruits can deteriorate faster. Some varieties of plums are able to stay fresh in the refrigerator for up to three weeks.
Plums can be stored frozen for up to 10-12 months . You only need to freeze them once. Repeated freezing is not allowed for this category of fruit. Before placing in the freezer, plums must be rinsed and packed in plastic wrap or plastic bag. You can freeze the fruit in a closed container.
Plums are stored in a cellar or rooms with similar conditions for several weeks. During storage, the fruits are regularly examined and sorted out if necessary. It is not recommended to allow sudden temperature changes.
Plums can be kept dry for several months. The process of fruit preparation includes preliminary washing, bringing to maximum ripening at room temperature and subsequent blanching in 1% baking soda solution. After such procedures, the plums are placed in the oven for several hours at temperatures up to 45 degrees.