Artichoke: Benefits, How to Eat, Clean and Peel Artichokes?

Artichoke

The artichoke plant, also known as kangar, kenger and cynar , is a vegetable that dates back to ancient times and is known as a symbol of fertility in ancient Egypt. The artichoke tree grows in our country, as well as in Mediterranean countries such as Israel, Egypt, Greece and Italy, as well as in America and Argentina.

The liver, one of the main organs of the body, is responsible for the metabolic processes of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals and for the removal of toxins from the body. Artichoke is recommended by experts in the treatment of liver diseases due to the antioxidants it contains.

Especially the leaves of artichoke, known as liver friendly and vitamin store , play an important role in regulating liver functions. For this reason, when buying artichokes, leafy ones should be preferred rather than those kept in water and attention should be paid to their freshness. It is also of great importance that the dishes prepared with artichokes are consumed in a short time without losing their vitamins.

Especially those who consume excessive alcohol, live in areas with intense air pollution, work in dry cleaning, battery and leather factory workers, those who are exposed to exhaust fumes, wall painters and laundry workers, are important to consume artichokes in order to remove toxins from their bodies.

What is Artichoke?

  • Artichoke, which belongs to the daisy family, blooms in blue purple color. The plant, which has a height of 50-150 centimeters, is a herbaceous perennial.
  • The leaves of the artichoke, whose strong and hard body is erect, are sessile. The leaves, which have a large and long oval structure, are fragmented.
  • Artichoke blossomsemerge from the axils of the upper leaves and are collected in large spike clusters at the ends of long stems. The base of the artichoke flower is fleshy. This fleshy area is also called artichoke fruit.
  • Artichoke, one of the popular herbal foods of the spring months, attracts attention with its authentic-looking light pink flowers.
  • Artichoke seedsare just as useful and edible as the artichoke itself.
  • Artichoke, which grows in deep and clay soils, is a frost sensitive plant. That’s why it likes temperate climates and is grown intensively in the Aegean, Marmara and Mediterraneanregions of our country.

Artichoke Benefits: 10 Features of Healing Depot

What is the artichoke , which has come to the forefront with the increase in interest in organic nutrition in recent years, good for what? What are the benefits of artichoke , which grows abundantly in our country and takes its place on the counters in April and May ? A healthy and healing 10-item list of artichoke benefits , adapted to recipes that can appeal to all tastes, is in your presence!

  • Balances cholesterol. Artichoke, which has a lowering effect on bad cholesterol, can also be consumed in the form of artichoke tea by those with high cholesterol.
  • Thanks to its antioxidant properties, it helps to cleanse the liver from toxins. Regular consumption of artichoke juice can treat liver diseases. Artichoke vinegar can be consumed especially for fatty liver .
  • It has an important role in the regular functioning of the digestive system.
  • It prevents anemiawhen consumed regularly .
  • By supporting the body’s immune system, it protects the body against diseases, virus and bacterial infections.
  • It supports the protection of bone and dental health and strengthens the bones.
  • Artichoke leaves are diuretic. Artichoke leaves have benefits in eliminating edema or swelling in the body.
  • Regular use of artichoke extract plays an important role in the healing of skin problems such as fungus and eczema .
  • It supports the healthy functioning of the kidneys and gall bladder. It has an inhibitory effect on kidney stone formation .
  • It is effective in the regular functioning of the brain and nervous system. In particular , it minimizes the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease .

Although artichoke is at the forefront with its benefits, excessive consumption can cause diarrhea and gas problems. Artichoke should not be consumed by pregnant and lactating mothers without consulting a doctor, as it may cause harm.

How to Eat Artichokes?

How to eat and consume artichoke? We share with you different ways to eat artichoke, which is a source of vitamins and healthy food in spring:

  • You can prepare dishes with olive oil or meat with peeled artichoke hearts (dish artichokes). You can cook artichokes with olive oil or a hot artichoke dish with minced meat by adding garnish to it.
  • You can cut the artichoke hearts into small pieces and add them to salads. You can prepare plain or yoghurt artichoke salad with the salad ingredients you want.
  • You can chop the artichoke hearts into small pieces and add them to your soups. You can consume it in particles or pass it through a blender.
  • If you ask how to consumefresh artichokes with leaves, the Aegean people will immediately answer you stuffed artichokes. Stuffed artichokes, prepared by stuffing the rice mortar between the leaves, are eaten by plucking the leaves.

For a list of tried-and-true recipes where artichokes find flavor:

How to Clean and Peel Artichokes?

Artichoke, which has a high fiber content, is a vegetable with awns. Since it is awn, questions may come to mind about how to eat artichokes and whether artichokes can be eaten raw . Meals such as artichoke dish, stuffed artichoke and artichoke soup can be made with artichokes . In addition, the artichoke salad made using raw artichokes is among the popular salad varieties.

Of course, in order to make these dishes, it is necessary to sort and peel the artichokes. So, how to peel an artichoke? How to clean artichokes to eat with pleasure Here are the artichoke cleaning steps with the tricks you need:

  • Before you start peeling the artichokes, fill a large pot with enough water for your artichokes and add the juice of half a lemon. Lemon juice will prevent the artichokes from browning.
  • Cut the leaves from the head of the artichoke without touching the fleshy part. Then, peel the parts of the artichoke close to the stem as if peeling an apple. You can cut the stem.
  • When the leaves on the head are gone , remove the hairy part of the artichoke with the help of a spoon. In the meantime, do not forget to rub your artichokes with lemon.
  • If you are going to make stuffing, do not touch the leaves of your artichokes, if you are going to cook them, you can remove the leaves and use the meaty base.
  • You can leave your artichokes in the lemon water in the pot until your preparations for your meal are complete.

How to clean artichokes, how to peel artichokes at home? If you are curious, you can visit the video explained in detail:

When Is Artichoke Season?

  • Artichoke, a true Mediterranean plant, emerges when the weather starts to warm up. So, when are artichokes planted? Artichokes, which show seasonal changes according to their varieties, are planted in March – April .
  • Artichoke time comes from Cyprus towards the end of March according to its climatic characteristics. In April, our country’s artichokes show themselves.
  • Artichokes, which come to the fore with their taste in May and June,maintain their freshness until November.
  • If you say you want to experience the taste of artichokes in all seasons, you can store your artichokes in the freezer and consume them whenever you want, or if you say you like canned, you can prepare the canned ones.

What are the Calories and Nutritional Value of Artichokes?

Artichoke is known as the sultan of vegetables due to its antioxidant, vitamin, protein, mineral, carbohydrate and fiber content .

100 grams of cooked artichoke is approximately 53 calories.

  • 100 grams of the vegetable, which has a very low calorie content, meets 20% of the daily fiber need.
  • Let’s answer the question of whether artichoke weakens, which comes to mind when it comes to calories.
  • Artichoke is often included in weight loss diets due to its metabolism-accelerating effect. It supports weight loss.
  • In addition to high levels of vitamin C, it also contains B6, B2, B1, vitamin A and folic acid.
  • The amount of vitamin K in 100 grams of artichoke, which contains magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium iron, calcium, phosphorus, silicon and sulfur, meets 18% of the daily vitamin K need.
  • Artichoke, which contains antioxidant components such as gallic acid, quercetin and cynarin, takes its place on the tables with its different aroma and taste as well as its health benefits.

What are the Artichoke Varieties?

  • Chios Artichoke:İzmir and its surroundings are the most suitable city in terms of climate and soil characteristics in terms of artichoke production. Artichoke, a gum variety, is produced in the Aegean and Mediterranean regions. The leaves of the mastic artichoke, which has a small head, are short and without slits. It is intolerant of cold. It is mostly consumed fresh.
  • Bayrampaşa Artichoke: Thehead of the Bayrampaşa artichoke grown in the Marmara region is quite large. It has dark green leaves and slits. It is cold resistant. Since it is more suitable for canning, this type is widely used in canning. The artichoke, which has two main varieties as Bayrampaşa and mastic artichokes, is also available in varieties such as local artichoke, must, taraca and salt according to the place where it is grown.
  • Artichoke species of our country are not known abroad. This situation is the main reason preventing the export of artichoke.
  • With the Urla Artichoke Festival, which hosts an international platform about the characteristics of artichoke production in Turkey , both local producers are made aware and our artichokes, one of the riches of our country, are promoted.

How to Store Artichokes?

You can soak the artichokes that you have peeled and removed in lemon water to prevent them from turning black. This method is valid for short-term use. However, if you want to store artichokes for a long time, the most suitable storage method is deep freezing.

You can cut the artichokes whole or cut them in any size you want and put them in the freezer. Or you can shock your artichokes and store them in the freezer.

  • Fill a large pot with water to shock your artichokes. Boil the water by adding a few lemons to it.
  • Place your artichokes in a strainer and drop them into the boiling water. After keeping them in water for about two minutes, take out your artichokes and run them under cold water.
  • Cut the artichokes that you have drained into the sizes you want and put them in freezer bags.
  • Take the air out of the bags, close the mouth tightly and place them in the deep freezer.

Your artichokes keep their freshness for about 6 months with this method.

So, is the artichoke spoiled? Yes, artichokes can rot if not stored properly.

 

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