How is Vitamin B Deficiency Diagnosed?
Vitamins have a very important and serious place for human health. Vitamins are needed for the fulfillment of vital functions, regular functioning of the immune system and protection from microbes. When one of the vitamins is deficient, the balance of metabolism is disturbed and various diseases may occur as a result of this situation. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K are among the vitamins necessary for the body, and each has a different task.
In this article, we have prepared health information about vitamin B for you. With this article, you can better understand the importance of B vitamins and its varieties for people. Diseases that will occur in its deficiency are also specified for you between the lines. I wish you to give importance to your body and nutrition for your health.
What is Vitamin B? Features and Types
Vitamin B is not just one vitamin. Since there are several types of vitamins, it can also be described as a vitamin B complex. Vitamin B is a group of vitamins that have an important role in the functioning of the nervous system and digestive system of the body. They are among the water-soluble vitamins. They cannot be stored in the body due to their solubility in water. Only vitamin B12 can be stored in the body.
There are B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12 types. All types in the body are located with a common goal. When one of these types of vitamins is deficient, the functioning of the others is impaired. Among these varieties, the first discovered vitamin was vitamin B1. With the hearing of vitamin B1, researches and experiments about the vitamin have begun. All of the vitamins are necessary for the survival of living things.
B vitamins in foods are destroyed by the effect of baking soda or baking powder added during cooking. Therefore, in the consumption of foods cooked with these two ingredients, the body’s need for B vitamins becomes unavailable. Individuals of all ages should consume foods containing B vitamins regularly throughout the day.
B vitamins, which are necessary for the regeneration of cells, protection of health and regular functioning of metabolic activities, are met through nutrients. Frequently asked B vitamin names are as follows:
- B1: Thiamine
- B2: Riboflavin
- B3: Nicotinamide
- B4: Cholin
- B5: Pantothenic
- B6: Pyridoxine
- B7: Biotin
- B9: Folic Acid
- B12: Cobalamin
What Does Vitamin B Do? What Are Their Duties?
- Vitamin B1 is known for being a powerful antioxidant. It minimizes the harms of diabetes. It also stimulates the appetite.
- Vitamin B2 provides the body’s energy. It is important in acne, migraine and eye diseases. It supports the formation of red blood cells.
- Vitamin B3 is used in skin diseases and lowering cholesterol levels. It helps to eliminate the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
- B5 regulates hormones and relieves skin problems. It burns carbohydrates and fats and converts them into energy.
- Vitamin B6 has an important role in DNA repair and cell regeneration. It minimizes nausea during pregnancy. It regulates psychological balance and sleep.
- Vitamin B7 is effective in insulin and diabetes. It has the task of reducing insulin resistance.
- B9 is effective in depression and gum disease. While it preserves memory in old people, it also gives mental strength in young people. It protects the health of the fetus in the mother’s womb and ensures its development.
- Vitamin B12, on the other hand, gives energy and strength to the person. Vitamin B injections are given to people who cannot take vitamin B12 in foods when necessary. Thus, the necessary vitamins for the body are met.
- When all B vitamin groups are met, the person’s skin, hair, nerve, hormone, eye and dental health will be positively affected. Vitamin B intake should not be neglected for a healthy body. It facilitates the digestion of carbohydrates.
- The use of vitamin B for hair health can be with the vitamin B ampoule to be added to the hair mask. If you add a vitamin ampoule to your mask while doing hair care, you will add moisture and vitality to your hair.
What’s in Vitamin B?
- B1: It is found in wheat products, whole grain products, all fresh vegetables and fruits, mutton, beef, fish, eggs and milk.
- B2: It is found in liver, kidney meat and all types of meat, potatoes, milk and dairy products, green vegetables, carrots, nuts and peanuts, green lentils.
- B3: It is found in red meat and offal products, whole grain products, fish, legumes, flour, eggs, milk and dairy products, lemons, zucchini, figs, oranges and dates.
- B4: Found in red meats and liver, chicken and eggs, bread, soybeans and all vegetables.
- B5: It is found in all types of meat, eggs, milk and some fish species.
- B6: Plants, rice hulls, especially egg yolk, liver and fish species are rich in vitamin B6.
- B7: Strongly found in liver, cooked oats, soybeans, eggs, milk, chicken, mushrooms, and bananas.
- B9: Nuts such as lentils, legumes, spinach, walnuts, almonds and liver contain vitamin B9.
- B12: It is a type of vitamin that cannot be obtained from plant foods. It can be obtained from foods of animal origin. Liver, kidney, heart, red meats, chicken, fish, milk and eggs are among the foods rich in vitamin B12.
How is Vitamin B Deficiency Diagnosed?
Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency in a person are primarily manifested by fatigue and weakness. Visible symptoms appear in the following days. Some disorders in the skin and hair are a sign of vitamin B deficiency. One of the factors that cause vitamin deficiency is an unhealthy diet. In particular, smoking and alcohol consumption prevent the absorption of vitamins in the body.
If you have some of the following symptoms, you are experiencing a B vitamin deficiency. In such cases, you should consult your doctor and apply a vitamin B supplement. For the necessary tests, you can make an appointment with the “Internal Medicine” department when you go to the hospital. After your doctor determines the deficiency of vitamin B with the necessary blood tests, he or she will ask you to use vitamin B tablets or vitamin B capsules that are suitable for you. Physical and psychological signs of vitamin B deficiency:
- Fatigue, irritability and nervousness, forgetfulness, weakness, loss of appetite and hesitation in the digestive system In vitamin B1 deficiency,
- Intraoral inflammations, skin and hair problems, visual impairment, vitamin B2 deficiency,
- Anemia, difficulty in memory, excessive weight loss, difficulty in movement, difficulty in breathing are seen in vitamin B9 deficiency. As a result of vitamin B1 deficiency, a disease called Beriberi can occur.
- As a result of vitamin B3 deficiency, a serious B vitamin disease called Pellagra occurs. Pellagra disease, on the other hand, is a disease that occurs with the deterioration of the digestive system, causing skin and mental disorders. The disease of low blood value called anemia is also seen in vitamin B deficiency.
What Causes Vitamin B Excess?
Vitamin B is beneficial for health when it is supplied from food. However, if you take more than the body can accept, you may encounter B vitamin damage. Although it does not have dangerous consequences, it can occur in a way that affects you. In some cases, poisoning does not occur in excess of B vitamins. Intoxication can occur only with an overdose.
Side effects that can be seen when vitamin B is oversupplied will be headache, vomiting, weakness, sensitivity to light and insomnia. These conditions are also considered as a symptom of vitamin B allergy. In case of doubt, it would be a healthier decision to consult a doctor.