Genital herpes in women

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus . Genital herpes causes painful blisters and sores on and around the genitals.

There are 2 different types of herpes simplex virus (type 1 and type 2), both of which can affect the genitals.

Herpes simplex virus type 2 is most commonly associated with genital infection, virus type 1 can also affect the genital area but is better known for causing lesions in the mouth.

You can get genital herpes by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex, or by sharing sex toys with someone who has the infection.

The herpes virus enters the body through:

  • The mucosa of the mouth
  • Vaginal lips
  • Vagina
  • Year
  • Normal skin that has small cracks or cuts

It can also be transmitted from mother to baby during childbirth.

Sometimes you can get herpes even when your sexual partner does not have visible blisters or symptoms. This is because the virus can activate on the skin without causing visible blisters or sores.

What are the symptoms of genital herpes in women?

Many people with the herpes virus do not experience any symptoms when they are first infected.

If symptoms occur, they generally take 2 to 12 days after contact to appear. Sometimes the first outbreak of the disease will not occur until months or years after infection.

Symptoms may include:

  • Pain or itching around the genitals
  • Flu-like symptoms, including fever
  • Inflamed glands
  • Small bumps or blisters around the genitals, anus, or mouth
  • Painful ulcers that form when blisters break and ooze or bleed
  • Scabs that form as ulcers heal
  • Discharge from the urethra, the tube that releases urine from the body
  • Vaginal discharge

Women often experience additional symptoms including painful urination (dysuria) and cervicitis.

Blisters appear where the infection enters the body. You can spread the infection by touching a sore and then rubbing or scratching another area of ​​your body. That includes your fingers or eyes.

Blisters may appear on:

  • Buttocks
  • Thighs
  • Straight
  • Year
  • Mouth
  • Urethra
  • Vulva
  • Vagina
  • Cervix

After the initial infection, the virus may remain dormant in the nerve cells of the affected area of ​​your body, which is why you may have further outbreaks.

For most, these outbreaks occur less frequently over time. Signs of herpes infection are usually milder than during the first outbreak, and they go away faster.

Treatment for genital herpes

There is no cure for genital herpes. Symptoms usually go away on their own, but blisters may reappear from time to time.

There are antiviral medications that can make outbreaks less severe. You will usually need to take the antiviral medication for 3 to 5 days.

Pain can usually be controlled with simple painkillers and a local anesthetic cream.

Precautions during pregnancy

Genital herpes can be passed to your baby during childbirth, although the risk is very low. A baby born with herpes could:

  • Born before time
  • Have brain, skin or eye problems
  • Not surviving

If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, tell your doctor about your history of herpes. Antiviral medications will sometimes be recommended towards the end of pregnancy, this is to try to prevent an outbreak around the time of delivery.


Preventing genital herpes is the same as preventing other sexually transmitted infections.

To avoid infection, have safer sex:

  • Reduce the number of sexual partners.
  • Condoms, when used correctly, can reduce the risk of contracting genital herp

Abbas Jahangir

I am a researcher and writer with a background in food and nutritional science. I am the founder of, our reputable online platform offering scientifically-backed articles on health, food, nutrition, kitchen tips, recipes, diet, and fitness. With a commitment to providing accurate and reliable information, we strive to empower our readers to make informed decisions about their health and lifestyle choices. Join us on's journey toward a healthier and happier lifestyle.

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