Meteorology in Turkey has warned that the air temperature will be above seasonal normals in the coming days. Moreover, hot weather has negative effects on heart patients.
According to a study that followed more than 40 thousand people in England, it was revealed that even 1 degree increase in night temperature causes a 3.1% increase in heart deaths in men aged 60-64. According to another study conducted in the US state of California, it is noted that hot air reaches more deadly levels, especially in crowded cities with air pollution. According to the results of the study, it was determined that the increase in the number of particles in the air and the temperature together increased the death rate due to the heart by 30%. The risk of people over the age of 75 is much higher!
Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Özlem Esen stated that extreme heat stresses the body and causes heat stroke. He explained the ways to protect the heart in 6 articles.
“THE HEART WORKS MORE IN HOT WEATHER”
In hot weather, in order to keep the body temperature constant, that is, ‘cooler’, the veins on the skin surface relax and cause the heart to work harder. prof. Dr. Emphasizing that this situation actually protects people against heat stroke, Özlem Esen said, “If you have a known heart disease or if you have a risk of multiple heart diseases such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, this adaptation may not develop as quickly as desired. When the body is under stress, a condition called heat stroke occurs among the people. ” he declared.
“Sweating CAUSES ADDITIONAL STRESS ON THE HEART”
the body’s natural response to overheatings weating.In this way, not only water but also necessary minerals are removed from the body, creating additional stress on the heart. In addition, some drugs such as diuretics (diuretic drugs) that people take for heart disease; It removes the fluid from the body and increases the risk factor even more. prof. Dr. Özlem Esen stated that these are the cornerstone drugs for heart failure and are used as combination therapy in many of the hypertension drugs. Also, some other common heart medications, such as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers, change the way the body responds to heat, she said.
“CONTINUE TO TAKE HEART MEDICINES BUT DON’T FORGET TO DRINK Plenty of WATER”
Warning those who use this type of drugs to be extra careful in hot weather, Prof.Dr. Özlem Esen said, “Heart patients should continue to take their medications as prescribed during the summer months. However, they should not consume more water than they always drink in order to maintain the body’s heat balance. He also recommended that a cardiologist be consulted about whether the use of heart medications in hot and high humidity conditions would change.
“1C RISE INCREASE HEART DEATH RATES BY 3.1%”
According to a study that followed more than 40,000 people in the UK recently, it was revealed that even 1 °C increase in night temperature causes a 3.1% increase in cardiac deaths in men aged 60-64 years. prof. Dr. Özlem Esen said, “In countries located in the middle latitudes such as England, the fact that the temperature does not fall below 25 degrees at night, in addition to the daytime temperature, contributes to the increase in deaths due to heart disease. It is thought that these countries are not prepared for hot weather and that less use of air conditioning is effective.” shared his opinion.
“THE TEMPERATURE IS MORE DANGEROUS IN CITIES LIKE ISTANBUL WITH CROSS AND POLLUTION”
According to another study conducted in the US state of California, it was noted that hot air reaches more deadly levels, especially in crowded cities with air pollution. Accordingly, it was determined that the increase in the number of particles in the air and the temperature together increased heart-related deaths by 30%, and it was reported that the risk of those over 75 years of age was higher. prof. Dr. Esen said, “For this reason, it is much more important to be protected in hot weather in densely populated cities like Istanbul.” made its assessments.
6 THINGS TO PROTECT YOUR HEART IN HOT
prof. Dr. Özlem Esen summarized in 6 items what people with risks such as heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes should pay attention to on hot and sunny days.
- 1. If you are planning to participate in heavy exercises and you are not used to it or if you are starting a new sport, make an appointment and get approval from your doctor for a comprehensive checkup.
- 2. Drink plenty of water when outside or indoors without air conditioning in hot or humid weather. That means a minimum of eight glasses of water. If you are exercising or doing anything active, you should consume more. Drinking water should be followed by relatives, especially in people over the age of 75, due to the decrease in the feeling of thirst. In addition, since dementia patients cannot follow up fluids, similarly, fluid intake should be followed under the risk of thirst.
- 3. Avoid direct sun exposure during the hottest hours of the day (10:00 – 16:00), this is also important for skin cancer prevention.
- 4. Rest at home and wear loose, light cotton clothes, stay away from synthetic fabrics. Keep the windows and curtains closed in your rooms that get sun in the daytime.
- 5. Avoid foods that are difficult to digest, such as fried, oily and pastries. Foods with high water sources such as salads, fresh vegetables and fruits should be preferred. Do not stay in front of the stove or oven for a long time to cook.
- 6. Those with congenital heart disease, those with heart failure, patients using more than 2 blood pressure medications and those with chronic kidney failure should especially be protected from overheating and water and mineral losses. Excessive fluid and mineral losses in these patients can cause fatal rhythm disturbances.