Hypothyroid Nutrition: Healthy Diet List
Hypothyroidism is a disease that occurs as a result of the thyroid glands not working properly. This can lead to serious physical and psychological health problems. Nutrition is very important in the fight against hypothyroidism. In this article, we have put together a list of nutritional recommendations and the healthiest diet for people with hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism can cause rapid weight gain. So what should be done in this case? What is hypothyroidism good for and how should it be fed? Details are in the rest of the article…
So, how should hypothyroid patients be fed?
The natural treatment of hypothyroidism is proper nutrition and exercise. In this article, we talked about what people with hypothyroidism should do to cope with this disease. What should be the diet of hypothyroid patients? Before we know this, we should have more detailed information about hypothyroidism.
What is hypothyroidism?
- The thyroid is a two-lobed, hormone-producing, butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck just below the Adam’s apple in males.
- The thyroid synthesizes thyroid hormones, which are vital for the body. The thyroid may sometimes fail to perform this task. In this case, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism is experienced.
- Hyperthyroidism is the secretion of more than normal thyroid hormone.
- Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
- Only underactive thyroid gland does not cause hypothyroidism. Some diseases can also damage the thyroid gland.
- When the thyroid gland is damaged, thyroid hormone production is inhibited.
- Thyroid hormone helps control cell repair, growth and metabolism.
- People with hypothyroidism experience hair loss, feeling cold, fatigue, weight gain, etc. may experience side effects.
- The rate of hypothyroidism affecting women is 5 times more than men.
Hypothyroidism Nutrition: What to Eat and What Not to Eat?
The hypothyroid diet is very important. In order to prevent the disease from progressing and to cope with the disease, attention should be paid to the foods consumed.
What Should People With Hypothyroidism Eat?
People with hypothyroidism do a lot of research on how to eat. So, what to eat for hypothyroidism and what foods are good for hypothyroidism?
1) Vegetables and Fruits
- Vegetables and fruits contain plenty of antioxidants, minerals and vitamins.
- These foods are good for heart health, help fight free radicals, balance hormones and maintain a healthy weight.
2) Foods Containing Probiotics
- Foods such as yogurt, kefir, kombucha contain plenty of probiotics.
- Probiotics are important for a healthy intestinal environment.
- Omega 3 fatty acids are abundant in fish.
- These fatty acids are essential for thyroid function and hormone balance.
4) Coconut Oil
- Coconut oil has medium chain fatty acids.
- These fatty acids increase energy, strengthen metabolism and reduce fatigue.
- Coconut oil also regulates blood sugar, supports the digestive system and improves the immune system.
5) B Vitamins
- Foods containing B vitamins are also foods that people with hypothyroidism should consume frequently.
- Foods rich in B vitamins and iron; wholemeal bread, green beans, quinoa and spinach.
6) Bone Broth
- There are plenty of amino acids in chicken and beef bones.
- These amino acids are good for hypothyroidism and support the digestive system.
- Bone broth also increases energy, reduces muscle and joint pain, and fights fatigue.
- Selenium is very important for enzymes that help thyroid function.
- Selenium levels are deficient in most patients with hypothyroidism.
- Therefore, people with hypothyroidism should consume foods rich in selenium.
- Eggs and seafood are rich sources of selenium that are easily accessible.
8) High-Fiber Foods
- Digestive difficulties are also seen in patients with hypothyroidism. Fiber is perfect for digestive difficulties.
- A high-fiber diet not only supports digestion, but also regulates blood sugar and helps weight control.
- Algae has natural iodine.
- It is said that natural iodine has an inhibitory effect on deficiencies that impair thyroid functions.
- Vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidants are very useful for the thyroid gland.
- Antioxidants protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.
What should people with hypothyroidism not eat?
There are many foods that patients with hypothyroidism should consume, as well as many foods that they should not consume.
What not to beat for hypothyroidism:
- foods containing gluten
- Pasta (made from white flour)
- Sugar and sugary foods
- Pastry products
- processed foods
- Brussels sprouts
Hypothyroidism Healthiest Diet List
The metabolic rate of patients with hypothyroidism decreases. Therefore, people with hypothyroidism should consume fewer calories. One of the most recommended diets for hypothyroid patients is intermittent fasting. In intermittent fasting, long fasting periods and short feeding intervals are very effective in both controlling hunger and reducing calorie intake.
Hypothyroid patients should have an active lifestyle apart from changing their diet. Because nutrition alone may not be enough to lose weight. Therefore, apart from the diet program, the exercise program should also be followed.
So, what should the hypothyroid diet be like? Here is the sample diet list:
Hypothyroid Diet List
The measurements in the sample diet list are average values. Portion sizes may differ according to the physical characteristics of individuals.
- 1 boiled egg
- 1 slice of feta cheese or 2 spoons of curd cheese
- 5-6 olives
- Tomato, cucumber, arugula
- 1-2 slices of whole wheat/rye bread
- 1 small pear or 2 small tangerines
- 2 whole walnut kernels
- 100 grams of grilled meatballs/chicken or fish
- 3 tablespoons of bulgur pilaf or whole wheat pasta
- seasonal salad
- 1 slice of whole wheat/rye bread
- 1 small apple
- 1 cup of herbal tea
- 1 bowl of soup
- 1 serving of vegetable meal (other than goitrogen vegetables)
- 4 tablespoons of yogurt
- 1 slice of whole wheat/rye bread
- 1 small banana
- 1 cup of milk or kefir
Apart from this diet list that you can take as an example for hypothyroidism, you can consult a dietitian if you want a special diet prepared for you.
What are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism may not show clear symptoms in the early stages. However, untreated hypothyroidism can lead to problems such as obesity, heart disease, joint pain and infertility over time.
Thyroid disorders are one of the first diseases that come to mind in people who have difficulty in losing weight and gain weight quickly. In addition to inability to lose weight and rapid weight gain, other symptoms of hypothyroidism are:
- Hair loss
- Anemia (anemia)
- Sudden unhappiness
- Recurring cold feeling
- slowing of heart rhythm
- high cholesterol level
- Swollen hands, face and feet
- muscle weakness
- Dry skin
- Loss of libido in men
- Balance and coordination problems
- weakness in memory
- Persistent constipation
- Changes in menstruation
If you have any of these symptoms, be sure to consult a specialist. You can find out if thyroid hormones are working properly with a simple blood test.