What is Radicchio? Here are 5 benefits for the body
Increasing the variety of vegetables enriches your daily nutritional intake. If you often buy the same types of vegetables, you can try radicchio. This vegetable may sound foreign, but it has various health benefits.
What is radicchio?
Radicchio is a leafy vegetable with a characteristic red appearance with white streaks and a bitter taste. The shape is similar to mustard or cabbage.
This vegetable comes from the Cichorium intybus plant which usually grows in Europe, West Asia, and Africa.
This plant belongs to the flowering plant family Asteraceae, still in the same family as daisies and sunflowers.
- intybus growth always begins with green leaves. The transition of the leaves turning red is due to the cold air temperature.
Radicchio Nutritional Content
The benefits of radicchio certainly come from the nutrients it contains. This is the nutritional content and calories of radicchio weighing 100 grams.
- Water: 93.1 grams.
- Kalori: 23 kkal.
- Protein: 1,43 gram (g).
- Total fat: 0.25 g
- Fiber : 0.9 g.
- Sugar: 0.6 g.
- Other carbohydrates: 4.48 g.
- Kalsium: 19 mg.
- Iron: 0.57 mg.
- Magnesium: 13 mg.
- Fosfor: 40 mg.
- Kalium: 302 mg.
- Natrium: 22 mg.
- Seng: 0,62 mg.
- Selenium: 0,9 mikrogram (mcg).
- Vitamin C: 8 mg.
- Folat: 60 mcg.
- Choline: 10.9 mg.
- Vitamin A: 1 mcg.
- Beta-carotene: 16 mcg.
- Lutein dan zeaxanthin: 8.830 mcg.
- Vitamin E: 2,26 mg.
- Vitamin K: 255 mcg.
In addition, these vegetables contain plant compounds or phytochemicals, namely flavonoids. Several varieties of flavonoids are contained, including:
- flavones, dan
Anthocyanin compounds are also known as natural red pigments or dyes in radicchio .
The benefits of radicchio for health
Here are the various benefits of radicchio for your health.
1. Accelerate blood clotting
This vegetable is rich in vitamin K. If you consume 100 grams of radicchio , you can meet your daily vitamin K needs , which is as much as 55–65 mcg.
Vitamin K is needed by the body to clot blood . This benefit is good for stopping bleeding when the wound.
Vitamin K works by helping the production of a protein that thickens the blood so it no longer flows through the wound .
This abundant intake of vitamin K is usually also needed for people with nutritional malabsorption problems, namely the inability to absorb nutrients from food.
2. Maintain bone health
There are several nutrients in radicchio that help maintain bone health, namely:
- vitamin C,
- vitamin K,
- phosphorus, and
Vitamin C helps produce collagen in the body. Collagen is the main protein that makes up bones.
Meanwhile, vitamin K is important for bone formation and delivers calcium directly to the bones. This makes the bones stronger.
A study published in Cureus (2020) also found that adequate intake of vitamin K also helps increase bone mineral density in osteoporosis patients and reduces the risk of fractures.
Phosphorus, magnesium, and calcium are nutrients that are important for building bone minerals to keep them strong.
3. Maintain eye health
Nutrients in radicchio are good for nourishing the eyes , namely:
- vitamin A,
- beta-carotene, as well
- lutein dan zeaxanthin.
Beta-carotene as well as lutein and zeaxanthin are compounds that are classified as carotenoids .
Research published in the journal Annual Review of Nutrition (2016) states that lutein and zeaxanthin are found in the retina and absorb 40–90 percent of blue light exposure.
This absorption helps protect the retina of the eye from damage and reduces the risk of decreased light intensity in the view.
In addition, lutein, zeaxanthin , and beta-carotene are antioxidants that protect the eyes from damage caused by exposure to free radicals.
Lutein also plays a role in reducing inflammation in the eyes due to bacterial infections.
Vitamin A helps maintain the health of rhodopsin so that the eyes can see clearly at night. Therefore, intake of vitamin A helps reduce the risk of night blindness.
Not only that, vitamin A helps to lubricate the thin membrane of the eye so that the cornea does not tear. If the cornea is torn, you are prone to losing your sight and becoming blind .
4. Maintain immunity
The benefits of radicchio on this one come from the content of vitamin C. In this case, vitamin C helps strengthen the protective layer on the body’s cells.
Therefore, the body is more immune from exposure to bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that cause disease.
Vitamin C is also an antioxidant that has the potential to reduce cell damage due to exposure to free radicals .
These nutrients also help white blood cells work optimally. White blood cells are one of the important aspects of immunity so that the body can fight harmful microorganisms.
5. Helps absorption of iron
Again, the benefits of this radicchio come from its vitamin C content.
In this case, vitamin C or ascorbic acid works by changing the composition of iron so that it is more easily absorbed by the small intestine .
Optimal absorption of iron to produce hemoglobin in red blood cells.
Later, this hemoglobin circulates oxygen throughout the body so that body functions run optimally.
Radicchio is a leafy vegetable that is rich in various vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that are good for health.
If you want to eat it, add as much as plate in one meal.