Yeast Types, Usage and Differences Between them
Yeast is simply a microorganism. These microorganisms, which are useful creatures, enable the growth and reproduction of the area they are used in. Yeast, which is frequently used in the kitchen, is preferred to activate dairy products and to make doughy foods softer.
Yeast is sold under many brand names in the market. When you browse the aisles, you can see different types of yeast. Fresh yeast stored in the cold chain, instant and dry yeast that takes their place on the shelves provide you with a lot of convenience in the food rush. The secret of fluffy pastries, the sine qua non of yogurt, yeast, an important ingredient of some cheeses, is explained to you on this page with all its varieties.
We have come to explain all types of yeast to those who say what are the types of yeast. These lines include yeast varieties, characteristics and usage areas. Let’s get rid of all the question marks about wet, package and dry yeast types together. Moreover, we will witness the activation of yeast by trying delicious recipes made with yeast. Are you ready?
The Most Common Types of Yeast Used in the Kitchen and Their Usage
1) Active Dry Yeast
- Active dry yeast is a type of fresh yeast that has been dried and turned into tiny particles.
- Dry yeast, which is sold in packages, is preferred when preparing floury foods.
- When mixed with warm water or warm milk, the activation of the yeast is accelerated.
- In the preferred meal preparation, dry yeast makes the product softer and fluffy.
- The life of dry yeast in the refrigerator, when the package is opened, is 4 weeks at the most. When you buy dry yeast from the market, it is recommended to check the consumption life.
How to Use Active Dry Yeast?
When you want to use dry yeast, it will be enough to mix 4 times the amount of dry yeast with warm water and sugar. Let the mixture rest for 15 minutes and then add the other ingredients.
- Pizza dough
- pastry dough
- Bread dough
- pancake dough
- cake dough
- pastry dough
- You can use it in the dough.
2) Age Yeast
- Fresh yeast, which is available in small cubes in the markets, is an indispensable material for patisseries and bakeries.
- This yeast contains water in its structure and has a very short lifespan.
- It can deteriorate immediately at the slightest temperature change, so it is necessary to pay attention to the expiration date when using fresh yeast.
How to Use Fresh Yeast?
You have to break the fresh yeast in a bowl with your hands. Some lukewarm water should be poured over the fresh yeast that has become tiny pieces. When a few spoons of granulated sugar is added; Activation time of fresh yeast is considerably shorter.
- pastry dough
- pastry dough
- Pita dough
- You can choose fresh yeast in bread dough.
3) Instant Yeast
- Instant yeast has become the most preferred yeast in recent years. You can use this type of yeast, which has no waiting time, whenever you want.
- Instant yeast, which is offered for sale in disposable packages, can be added directly into the flour mixture.
- You can prepare delicious foods in a very short time with this useful yeast type, which does not need to be mixed with warm water or sugar.
How to Use Instant Yeast?
- in pizza dough
- in bread dough
- In pastry dough
- It can be used in pita dough.
- When you want to use it, you can add it into the material according to the amount of flour.
- For 5 glasses of flour; 1 packet of instant yeast is considered sufficient.
4) Sourdough Sourdough
- Sourdough is a type of yeast used in making village bread.
- Sourdough produced by various brands is generally preferred in bread making.
- The life of disposable packages is also quite long compared to other yeasts.
How to Use Sour Yeast?
- You can choose the dry yeast method to use ready-made sourdough for bread making.
- The biggest effect of this yeast is that it creates a thick and crispy crust on the outside of the bread.
Differences Between Types of Yeast
If you want to use fresh yeast or dry yeast; First, let me tell you the difference between the two:
- If there is a recipe where you need to use 40 grams of fresh yeast and you do not have any fresh yeast; You can choose 20 grams of dry yeast.
- Where fresh yeast needs to be used, you can also add 14 grams of instant yeast.
- Among all yeast types, you do not need to wait for instant yeast to be active. You can prepare dough by adding it to your mortar as you would using baking powder.
- The difference in flavor of yeast should also be mentioned. It is not recommended to use sourdough in a sweet dough. Sourdough gives the dough a crunchiness.