What is rheumatism? What are the symptoms
Rheumatism: Functional Information from Diagnosis to Treatment
Rheumatism is used as a generalization term for pain in elderly among the people. Although rheumatism is related to painful diseases, not all pains in the body can be considered rheumatism. Seeing rheumatism as a disease of advanced age is also a misconception in society. Even though the risk of rheumatism increases in advanced ages, the diseases in this group can be seen in all age groups.
What is rheumatism?
- Rheumatism is a group of diseases that covers all painful diseases that occur in the muscles and joints in general. The term rheumatism, which does not refer to a disease on its own, is derived from the Greek word “rheuma”, which means bad fluid.
- Rheumatism, which encompasses all painful diseases surrounding the muscle, joint, joint tissues, bone and nerve roots, is the name of a general disease group given to approximately 200 types of diseases. Some diseases included in the group of rheumatic diseases can even affect the internal organs.
- Although rheumatic diseases are the first to come to mind, the elderly with knee pain may come to mind, but these diseases can occur at different ages in a way that will affect various parts of the body.
What are the Symptoms of Rheumatism?
- In some of rheumatic diseases, the symptoms appear in the morning. In some, symptoms occur as a result of activity during the day.
- The main symptom of rheumatism is pain, as it can be understood from the fact that it covers painful diseases. These pains are also called rheumatic pains.
- However, every pain in the body, joints, muscles or any other region cannot be considered as rheumatism. There are many disease groups and external factors that cause pain.
- Apart from this, the most common complaint of rheumatism patients is pain. Rheumatic swellings are also one of the main symptoms of rheumatism.
- Swelling and pain occur in the joints of rheumatism patients and this causes limitation of movement.
- Rheumatism shows various symptoms in various regions.
- While signs of stiffness are seen in the joints, both stiffness and rashes occur on the skin.
- Any rash that may occur on the skin can be a sign of rheumatic disease.
- Rheumatic diseases also affect the eyes. Patients who are exposed to diseases in this group experience redness and watering in their eyes, as well as vision loss.
- Rheumatic diseases, which also manifest themselves significantly in the muscles, manifest themselves with symptoms such as weakness, weakness, and fatigue. In addition, high blood pressure, high fever, dry mouth, cough, and shortness of breath are among the symptoms of rheumatic diseases.
What Causes Rheumatism?
- Rheumatism usually occurs in an unknown way. Although there are some factors that cause rheumatism, the causes of the disease in patients diagnosed with rheumatism are often unknown.
- One of the most frequently cited factors as the cause of rheumatism is old age. However, rheumatism is not a disease of old age. It can be seen in all age groups, but old age can be shown among the causes of rheumatism as the risk is slightly higher in older ages.
- The fact that rheumatism is more common in women causes the gender factor to be accepted as one of the reasons. Some rheumatic diseases can be seen more in men. One of the most important factors in the formation of rheumatic diseases is genetics. There are many rheumatic diseases that are genetically inherited. In addition, rheumatic diseases are frequently encountered in overweight people.
- Environmental factors are also considered as one of the causes of rheumatism. Among the most important environmental factors are blows to the joints. Situations where joints are hit, such as falling and hitting, are situations where rheumatism can occur. Sometimes weather conditions are also considered as an environmental factor. But this is false information circulating among the people. Weather conditions do not cause rheumatism. Still, there is a relationship between rheumatism and humid weather.
- In humid and cold weather, the flow direction and speed of intra-articular fluids may change. This can cause pain even in healthy people.
- The frequent occurrence of this condition in rheumatic patients has led to the misconception that humid and cold weather causes rheumatism.
What Are the Types of Rheumatism?
- Rheumatism is a group of diseases with many varieties. Although the cause of many rheumatic diseases is unknown, some may not show any symptoms. For this reason, rheumatism, which is difficult to make a wide variety of, is diversified under two main headings.
- There are two main types of rheumatism, mechanical and inflammatory.
- Mechanical rheumatism covers diseases that occur as a result of frequent use and wear of the joints. Inflammatory rheumatism, on the other hand, is the group that includes diseases that occur as a result of microbes and infections.
- Mechanical rheumatism causes pain by causing compression and stretching of pain receptors in the body. Diseases in this group are usually joint diseases. A sedentary lifestyle or an overactive lifestyle can lead to these diseases. Although the symptoms of rheumatism in this group are usually seen in the knee region, other joints may also be affected.
- These diseases, which are caused by impacts such as accidents, falls, and impacts, cause thinning and wear of the joints. The most common types of mechanical rheumatism diseases are arthrosis (calcification) and fibromyalgia.
- Inflammatory rheumatism is a more dangerous disease because it is caused by microbes. The body’s immune system is impaired due to infection by microbes. In addition, substances such as uric acid cause inflammatory rheumatism. Inflammatory rheumatism can be seen in almost all organs and can cause severe pain. Rheumatic diseases in infants and children are usually inflammatory.
- So, is rheumatism genetic? Does rheumatism pass from mother to child or from father? The answers to these questions are given by inflammatory rheumatic diseases.
- Inflammatory rheumatic diseases seen in infants and children are generally genetic diseases that are passed on in families.
- Apart from this, there is no comprehensive certainty in medicine that rheumatic diseases are passed from parent to child with a genetic predisposition.
- Diseases such as gout, Behçet’s disease, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), scleroderma, Sjörgen syndrome, and Reiter’s syndrome can be given as examples of inflammatory rheumatic diseases.
What Is Good For Rheumatism?
- As with every disease, rheumatism also has an alternative medicine treatment. Many herbs, which are thought to be medicinal, are used for the herbal treatment of rheumatism. By mixing these herbs, various drugs such as rheumatism cure and rheumatism tea are made. Crushing foods such as garlic, almonds, cabbage, potatoes, and onions and applying them to the painful area is among the most well-known cures for rheumatism.
- Rheumatic diseases are generally related to muscle and bone tissue problems, and one of the vitamins that strengthen these tissues the most is vitamin B.
- Although rheumatism is not directly treated with vitamin B, it is recommended to reduce the risk of disease or alleviate symptoms.
- Teas used as rheumatism tea and thought to be good to drink are teas made with herbs such as ginger, mint, rosemary, thyme, rosehip and sage. It is also said that artichoke, beet, egg, flaxseed and blackcurrant are good for rheumatism. Since these treatment methods, which are applied among the people within the framework of rheumatism herbal treatment, have no scientific basis, it would be useful to consult a doctor first.
- Apart from plants, stones and mines have also been used against rheumatic pains from past to present.
- The rheumatism bracelet is among the painkillers that emerged in this process. There are users who say that these bracelets, which are made of different materials such as copper, special stones, and magnets, are also beneficial, although there is no scientific evidence that they are good for rheumatism.
- One of the best things about rheumatism is sports and exercise. If rheumatism and sports take place at the same time in a patient’s life, there are some points that this patient should pay attention to. Exercising not only provides physical benefits but also mental benefits. For this reason, it is beneficial for rheumatism patients to do sports in terms of morale and motivation. But doing sports incorrectly can cause aggravation of the disease.
- At this stage, the patient should consult a rheumatism specialist and an exercise program should be created for rheumatism. Apart from this, hot application may be good in some rheumatic diseases and cold application in others. The most common method of hot treatment is to enter the hot springs.
How Is Rheumatism Treated?
- Unfortunately, there is no clear answer to the question of how rheumatism goes. Most of the diseases included in the rheumatism group cannot be fully treated. The aim of the treatment of these diseases, which cannot be completely eliminated, is to increase the quality of life by reducing the patient’s complaints. In this way, methods that will answer questions such as what is good for rheumatism pain are followed.
- The most important point for effective and beneficial treatment is early diagnosis. After the diagnosis is made, the treatment of rheumatism begins. Rheumatism drugs are generally used in the treatment of rheumatism. Examples of these drugs are rheumatism pain relievers and rheumatism injection. The side effects of rheumatism drugs occur as a result of the long-term use of needles.
- We can say that different alternatives can be recommended by experts for those who ask the question of how rheumatic pain goes away. Rheumatism gel, rheumatism cream and rheumatism ointments are also used to reduce muscle pain during the treatment process. In severe rheumatism cases where these drugs are ineffective, narcotic drugs are used. Narcotic drugs should only be used under the supervision of a doctor. In addition to these treatments, physical therapy and the rheumatism diet are also used as adjunctive treatment methods.
- Rheumatism is not a disease with a vaccine. There is no rule that being vaccinated for any disease does not trigger rheumatic diseases, or that those with rheumatic diseases should definitely not be vaccinated.