What is hypocalcemia? Symptoms, Treatment
Calcium is an essential element for our body. Calcium is essential for strong bones and healthy teeth. Of course, the functions of calcium are not limited to this. It even helps the blood to clot properly.
Today we will tell you about a rare condition, hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia is a condition in which the level of calcium in the blood is below 8.5 mg. We can briefly describe this disease as a calcium deficiency in the blood. Calcium deficiency can be due to some diseases, as well as cause different health problems. Therefore, treatment is very important.
So what are the symptoms of hypocalcemia and how is it treated? Everything about hypocalcemia is waiting for you in the rest of our article!
What is hypocalcemia?
- Hypocalcemia refers to the low amount of calcium in the blood. In this disorder, the calcium level in the blood is below 8.5 mg.
- Calcium is an essential element for our body.
- It is necessary for strong bones and teeth.
- It prevents bone resorption disease, which is frequently seen especially in women.
- It allows the muscles to move without contraction.
- In addition, this element helps some hormones to fulfill their duties in the intestines and kidneys.
- It contributes to the absorption of some vitamins, especially B12.
- It allows the blood to clot properly.
- It provides the transmission of muscle contractions and nerve impulses.
- It supports the activation of many enzymes in the body.
- It is used to promote the exchange of oxygen and nutrients in cellular membranes.
- Hypocalcemia can develop as a result of various reasons or diseases.
- The elimination of calcium-rich foods taken into the body through urine or defecation without being absorbed in the intestines for various reasons causes hypocalcemia.
- One of the most common causes of hypocalcemia is vitamin D and magnesium deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency affects the parathyroid glands. As a result, the body cannot regulate calcium metabolism.
- However, it is known that consuming too many carbonated drinks and caffeine intake can cause this ailment.
- A sudden increase in phosphorus makes calcium absorption difficult and causes calcium deficiency, that is, hypocalcemia.
- In addition, chronic renal failure and magnesium deficiency are among the causes of hypocalcemia.
- Some antibiotics and drugs used in hormone therapy can cause hypocalcemia by disrupting calcium synthesis.
What Are the Symptoms of Hypocalcemia?
- Muscle tingling in the whole body, especially in the face, hands and feet
- Feeling of ants crawling under the skin
- muscle cramps
- Temporary loss of movement functions, difficulty in doing daily activities
- severe abdominal pain
- heart rhythm disorder
- numbness in hands
- Weak teeth and dental diseases
- Hair loss
- weak nails
- stress and anxiety
- Inability to focus and confusion
- Eczema and similar skin conditions
- Dry skin
If you have one or more of these complaints, if you suspect hypocalcemia, we recommend that you consult an internal medicine specialist.
How Is Hypocalcemia Treated?
- Treatment of hypocalcemia is planned according to the underlying cause.
- Therefore, as the first step of treatment, the factors causing hypocalcemia should be determined.
- First of all, the patient’s history listens, a physical examination is performed and a blood test is performed to determine the level of calcium deficiency.
- If there is no serious deficiency in the amount of calcium in the blood as a result of the blood test, natural nutritional supplements and drug treatment are applied.
- If the calcium deficiency has developed due to vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D supplementation is recommended.
- If hypocalcemia is caused by any underlying disease, treatment is planned for this disease.
- The aim of the treatment of hypocalcemia is to keep the calcium level within normal limits.
- Although calcium supplements are effective in this regard, long-term use can cause kidney stone formation. Therefore, calcium supplements should be used under the supervision of a doctor.
- In case of non-serious calcium deficiency, it may be recommended to take calcium through food.
- In this case, the daily nutrition plan should be reviewed with a doctor or dietitian. Fish, walnuts, hazelnuts, kiwi, red meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products are the main sources of calcium.