What is Hypertension? Symptoms and Diet
Hypertension: Nutrition in High Blood Pressure
Everything in the human body works with a certain discipline. This discipline is heart and brain-centered and spreads to all cells. There is an ideal balance determined by the body for the realization of vital activities. When there is a small change in the balance that should be, it causes discomfort in the person.
As the heart pumps blood around the body, it creates pressure in the vein. This pressure is called blood pressure. In humans, there are two types of blood pressure, small and large. Both vary according to the age and body characteristics of the person.
In this article, we discussed the high blood pressure disorder, which is seen in many people , with its other name, “hypertension”. Our article has been prepared for you, where you can find information about what should be considered when trying to have a healthy life, and the harms of high blood pressure. Stay healthy!
What is Hypertension?
- When wondering what hypertension means, it can be understood by looking at the root of the word.
- The prefix hyper comes from the English word “hyper”, that is, the word high. So when you say hypertension, you can understand that it is high blood pressure.
- The meals are eaten during the day and the mood affects the blood pressure values of the person. If the pressure exerted by the blood on the veins is higher than it should be for a certain period of time, blood pressure rises.
- If this situation is repeated continuously, it disturbs the person and if not treated, it becomes a permanent disease as hypertension.
- Hypertension is a high blood pressure disorder that occurs for many reasons. Biological and psychological factors have an effect.
- It is a condition that manifests itself in almost 15 million people in our country.
- A very small part of this figure is in the period of recovery from the disease with treatment. The risk of the disease increases with advancing age.
- When left untreated, it prepares the environment for heart diseases.
- There are two known types of hypertension.
- Types of hypertension have been defined in the medical field as essential and secondary.
- Primary ie essential hypertension; It occurs due to primary reasons, these reasons are unknown and hardly reveal themselves.
- Secondary blood pressure manifests itself with secondary causes. Secondary symptoms occur from known causes. It has caused such as kidney disease and chronic medications.
Hypertension is classified according to certain stages. The known range of hypertension is as follows:
1. Range: 140-159 / 90-99 mm Hg
2. Range: 160-179 / 100-109 mm Hg
3. Range: 180 / 110 mm Hg and above are considered. Blood pressure medications are started to be used according to these stages.
What are the Symptoms of Hypertension?
While hypertension manifests itself gradually in some cases, genetic factors may present a risk of occurrence at any time. If many of the symptoms on the list are also seen in you, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible and have the necessary tests done.
- Persistent fatigue
- Fatigue that manifests itself even on the calmest days
- sudden nosebleeds
- Occasional ringing in the ears
- Shortness of breath while walking and using stairs
- Density in urination
- Urination that interrupts sleep
- Headaches also called hypertension pain
- Swelling in the legs and hands are the symptoms felt by hypertension patients.
- The answer to the question of whether hypertension causes palpitations is yes for many people.
What Causes Hypertension?
Hypertension causes it, do not panic about why it happened to me because this ailment is very common today, with the great effect of changing living conditions. Hypertension seen in one out of every three people is due to various reasons. These reasons are:
- genetic disorders
- Excessive salt consumption
- Stressful lifestyle
- sedentary life
- Low blood values and vitamin deficiency
- Includes chronic drug use.
Nutrition and Diet in Hypertension
If you say what is good for hypertension, we can say that you need to make your diet and lifestyle healthy first.
Nutritional change is a very effective treatment method for people with hypertension symptoms and diagnosed. Hypertension and nutrition are two important factors that affect each other positively and negatively. While the severity of the disease related to nutrition may increase, it is also possible to eliminate the disease with regular and healthy nutrition.
“What to eat for hypertension?” We can give the following answers to the question:
- Daily salt consumption should be seriously controlled. The habit of adding salt to food should be abandoned. Salty breads should not be preferred.
- Calcium-rich foods should be preferred.
- Semi-fat or diet products should be consumed in milk and dairy products.
- Potassium intake will reduce the likelihood of hypertension.
- Potassium is found in vegetables and fruits. For this reason, plenty of fruits and vegetables should be consumed.
- By using olive oil in meals, it is possible to reduce elevated blood pressure.
- Avoiding foods high in salt, such as pickles and offal, is also included in the hypertension diet.
- Alcohol and cigarettes also pose a great danger to both male and female patients. Giving up both of these habits would be the healthiest choice.
- In order to remove harmful substances from the body, daily water consumption should be given importance.
- Garlic, which is preferred in meals, has been known for many years as a food that lowers high blood pressure.
- Garlic alone does not prevent hypertension, but it can be added to the healthy diet list.
- An important factor in hypertension nutrition is the combination of hypertension and exercise.
- If a healthy eating habit is gained along with exercise, the effect of this ailment will be greatly reduced.
How Is Hypertension Treated?
- Pre-diagnosis of a possible disease before it progresses is a very important factor. The earlier the discomfort is detected, the better for the patient.
- The situation is the same in hypertension, and the causes of hypertension should be investigated first. Since the signs and symptoms of hypertension can be confused with other diseases, expert opinion is important. There is no specialty in the form of a hypertension doctor, the doctors of the internal medicine or cardiology department in the hospital deal with people with this disease.
- Hypertension requires a diagnosis first for treatment. Diagnosis requires the measurement of hypertension. It occurs by regular measurement of blood pressure. When the symptoms are seen, the treatment is started by the doctor with this diagnosis. Treatments are made with medication and dietary changes. You can control the situation by regularly measuring your blood pressure with blood pressure monitors.
- For a person to be diagnosed with hypertension, blood pressure must be measured above 140/90 mm Hg. These values are known as the hypertension limit and it can be said that high blood pressure has started in people above the ideal hypertension values. The blood pressure is monitored for 24 hours and if it is constantly high, it is determined that the discomfort has started more than the probability.
- The aim of the treatment is to bring the rising blood pressure to the ideal level. When it is below 140/90 mm Hg, the reasons that disturb the person and pose a danger will disappear. Treatments that started with medications will continue without medication if necessary. When hypertension calls for drug-free treatment, several changes occur in a person’s lifestyle. With control in salt consumption, regular exercise and peaceful life, the disease will go away from the person.
- Many of the hypertension diet and lifestyle features are actually suitable for almost everyone, not just those with this condition.
- The treatment methods to be used should be patient-specific and attentive. The dose of hypertension medications also varies depending on each person’s age and degree of disease. It is possible to get rid of hypertension diagnosed with the patient’s effort.
- You can reduce the effects of various diseases with the plants that nature offers you. For this, you need to know which plant is good for what. Hypertension cannot be eliminated with medicinal plants, but its effects can be minimized. Garlic, which is the most famous, stabilizes high blood pressure. You can lower your blood pressure by eating 4 or 5 walnut kernels for breakfast. Lemon is also among the herbs that lower blood pressure. By adding a slice or two of lemon to your water, you can prevent your blood pressure from rising.
- Rosemary or juniper seeds brewed with hot water are also among the plants that lower blood pressure. By drinking a cup a day, it is possible to feel better by lowering your elevated blood pressure.
What are the Harms of Hypertension?
Hypertension affects the person both mentally and physically with its harms. It can prevent some situations by affecting the lifestyle. The damages are felt as follows:
- It can initiate heart diseases. It can cause heart failure and deterioration in the functions of the vessels feeding the heart.
- It can also cause brain-centered disorders by affecting the nervous system. It carries a risk of cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy is the most dangerous hypertension risk.
- If hypertension drugs are not used and treated, kidney failure is experienced.
- Over time, it causes visual impairment and laziness in the eye muscles.
- It causes occlusion in the neck, legs, and other vessels, causing sudden heart attacks.
- Hypertension patients may also experience low morale and motivation as a result of this situation. The mental and physical side effects of hypertension may vary depending on the age and gender of the person.
- Although there is no study proving that there is a direct link between hypertension and covid, observations show that people with hypertension can experience the effects of coronavirus a little more heavily.