What are the Symptoms of Anemia? Causes, Treatment
“Anemia”, known as “anemia” among the people, is a disease that occurs when the red blood cell / red blood cell / erythrocyte or the hemoglobin in the red blood cells, which is used to carry oxygen, or both, is less than it should be. Anemia is the most common blood disease as it is all over the world. Contrary to popular belief, it is not a decrease in the amount of blood in the body.
For example, a person weighing 70 kg has an average of 5 liters of blood in his body, and the blood of a person with anemia does not decrease in liters. Anemia is the fact that some values are low, not in terms of quantity. In order for a person to be diagnosed with anemia, a complete blood count, called anemia test, must be performed by a specialist.
Red blood cells have an average life span of 100-120 days. Therefore, it must be produced regularly in the body. Anemia occurs when there is an obstacle to the production of cells that need to be produced again and again, or if there is damaged production. Red blood cells are produced in parts of some bones called the bone marrow.
What are the Causes of Anemia?
- iron deficiency
- B12 deficiency
- Folic acid deficiency
The deficiency of these three main elements causes the production quality of blood cells to decrease or they cannot be produced. Anemia occurs if blood cells cannot be produced, break down faster in the blood, hold on to the spleen or if its structure is damaged. The most common is anemia due to iron deficiency.
- Vitamin C deficiency
- Sudden or slower blood loss
- Poisoning due to lead or other toxic substances,
- Some infections
- side effects of some drugs,
- Some chronic diseases, such as kidney failure and cirrhosis, also cause anemia.
What are the Symptoms of Anemia?
Symptoms of anemia do not show themselves intensely in the early stages of the disease and are very difficult to detect. However, it can be easily understood by a complete blood count performed by a specialist. The symptoms that occur as anemia side effects are as follows:
- Weakness, fatigue and palpitations are usually the most frequently complained symptoms by patients, and different symptoms occur as the disease progresses.
- Dizziness, headache and fainting.
- Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of appetite and consequent weight loss.
- Shortness of breath.
- Low body temperature is common anemia symptoms.
If anemia is caused by iron deficiency:
- Hair loss,
- Cracks on the corners of the mouth,
- Deformities in nails and easy breakage,
- Delayed walking, speaking and sitting is observed in children.
In anemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency:
- Numbness, tingling, loss of sensation in the fingers and toes,
- Burning occurs in the tongue.
- Paleness of the skin may not be a valid symptom, because this symptom is not distinctive, especially in fair-skinned people. A clearer sign is that the inside of the lower eyelid turns pink or begins to whiten.
- Contrary to popular belief, anemia cannot be understood from the color of blood. Although hemoglobin gives blood its color, the blood of patients suffering from anemia is also red.
What Is Good For Anemia? What to Eat for Anemia
Anemia, which is a disease that can be the cause or symptom of many different diseases, reduces the quality of life considerably and triggers much more serious health problems in the advanced stages, can both be prevented and accelerated the treatment process with some changes and additions to the dietary habits.
Regular consumption of animal foods is very important. It is necessary to consume foods such as liver, red meat, offal and fish regularly. Because the iron in legumes and vegetables is not as well absorbed by the body as in red meat.
Although the absorption of legumes is less than red meat, it is still important to consume regularly.
Consuming molasses for anemia is also a common habit. Excessive consumption will not benefit and may cause weight gain.
The prominent foods that will support the treatment of anemia are as follows:
- Green vegetables (peas, black-eyed peas, beans, and green peppers)
- Cress, arugula, parsley, broccoli, dill
- Nuts (hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds)
- Dairy products
- Dried fruits (prunes, dried figs and dates)
- Pure bee pollen and royal jelly
- Rosehip marmalade
- Fresh fruits (strawberries, oranges, melons, mulberries and bananas)
Knowing the cause of anemia is the first step of treatment and nutrition is regulated according to this finding. For example, anemia due to iron deficiency was also discussed by Saraçoğlu and a total of 30 days of celery-spinach cure is recommended to increase iron in the body.
A treatment program to be continued under the supervision of a doctor should be strictly followed. In addition, a diet program that will be suitable for the cause of anemia should be determined and a good and balanced diet should be given. Foods rich in iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid come to the fore in diet programs for anemia.
Since the feeling of weakness will continue during the treatment process, resting as much as possible and keeping physical activities to a minimum will help. Not consuming alcohol, cigarettes, acidic beverages, coffee and tea will also help.
For detailed information on the subject:
How Is Anemia Treated?
First of all, it is very important that a diagnosis has been made by a doctor. Since anemia can be based on many different grounds, its causes should be determined by a physician and the treatment to be recommended accordingly should be applied. Anemia cannot be treated at home only with the measures that people will take on their own. However, treatment can be supported with the measures taken. For example, a woman with anemia may have this problem because her menstrual bleeding is very heavy. In this case, by applying appropriate hormone therapy by the doctor, menstrual bleeding is regulated. Or a drug used for the treatment of another disease may have caused anemia. For this reason, the treatment process should be carried out under the control of a specialist. In addition, anemia can be one of the signs of another disease,
Many people say that anemia and iron pills increase their appetite and make them gain weight. Therefore, he avoids the regular use of drugs. However, it should be known that iron is not an appetizer. The patient, who has lost his appetite due to anemia due to iron deficiency, considers his recovery and the return of his appetite to normal thanks to the treatment as an appetite, but he is actually recovering. In addition, patients who learn about the anemia problem may gain weight because they regulate their diet and start to consume foods such as red meat, legumes and liver more frequently.
What are the foods that cause anemia?
Tea causes anemia because it causes iron and vitamin C in foods to be excreted from the body through urine before they are absorbed.
Prepackaged foods disrupt the balance of the body due to the many chemicals they contain, and regularly consuming processed foods also paves the way for anemia.
- Consumption of soda
- Excessive coffee consumption
- Smoking and alcohol use are other habits that cause anemia.