Types of Melon: Features & Facts

Watermelon Ripe
Watermelon Ripe

Melons have been eaten for thousands of years. There is much evidence that in ancient Egypt large tracts of land were cultivated specifically to grow melons. This to create their own food source, but also for trade. This article discusses all the different types of melon.

There are different types of melon, such as watermelon. There are mini watermelons, seedless watermelons, and American elongated watermelons with stripes. There are about 70 melon varieties. This article describes 8 melon varieties that are available in the Netherlands.

1. Galia melon

The first of the 8 different types of melon is the Galia melon. The Galia melon is a fairly new variety in the melon family. In 1970 the Galia melon was developed in Israel. Galia means “God’s Wave” in Hebrew. 

The Galia melon is a hardy melon that is fairly easy to grow, the Galia melon is currently grown throughout southern Europe, the Middle East, South America, and the southern United States. 

types of melon
The Galia melon

Characteristics of galia melon 

The Galia melon is a net melon. It is a cross between a Cantaloupe and a honeydew melon, which is reflected in the skin of the Galia melon. It has the same structure as the Cantaloupe. This melon is usually round and grows to about 2 pounds. The Galia melon has a yellowish-orange skin with criss-cross light lines. 

What to use galia melon for?

The unique taste of this melon is spicy as well as sweet and the flesh turns light green. Galia melons cannot be boiled or baked. This melon then loses flavor and structure. Smell the Galia melon when it is ripe. It has a typical Galia melon scent. Push with your thumb in the middle of the bottom to see if it springs back gently. The melon is then ripe 

They are usually served as part of a fruit breakfast, as an appetizer this melon goes well with pine nuts or as part of the fruit bowl. The Galia melon is also often used in cold dishes or in smoothies. 

2. The Watermelon

The watermelon are fruits of a flowering vine-like plant in the Citrullus lanatus genus of the Cucurbitaceae family. 

The watermelon is by far the most popular of all melon varieties and is probably one of the first melons eaten by humans. The origin of the watermelon is in Northeast Africa 

types of melon watermelon
The watermelon

Today, 120 million tons of watermelon are grown all over the world. China grows 70% of it and the rest comes from Iran, Turkey, Brazil (10% of production) and 20% comes from the United States.  

Watermelons are considered tropical or subtropical fruits. They grow at temperatures higher than 25 degrees during the growing season. 

Since the 1950s, watermelons have been crossed to improve their ability to grow in cold climates and improve their shelf life. 

Features Watermelon  

The melons for sale in the Netherlands mostly come from the Mediterranean countries. They are dark green in color and the flesh is pink to deep red in color. The weight is around 2.5 kilograms. It takes 90 days for a watermelon to reach maturity. This is the longest growing period of all melons.  

This watermelon contains 90% water and is completely edible. Many people choose not to eat the crusts (tastes bitter) even though they are full of nutrients. The watermelon contains a lot of iron and vitamin C. In the summer months the watermelon is very popular, because because of its size it stays cool for a long time without refrigeration. It is a great thirst quencher when eaten chilled and unprocessed. (1)  

Mini watermelons weigh between 1 and 1.5 kilograms and are seedless.  

Types of watermelon 

There are a number of types of watermelons available in the Netherlands. There are mini watermelons, seedless watermelons and elongated watermelons from America, with a striped skin. Cubic melons are grown in Japan. These watermelons are easy to stack and therefore easier to transport. The flowers of the watermelon are unisexual and are one year old. In weight this varies from 1 pound to 200 kilograms exceptionally. The flesh is usually red but can also be white, yellow or orange in color.  

What To Use Watermelon For? 

Watermelons can be used for various purposes. Pure of course, as a thirst-quenching snack in between, but the watermelon certainly doesn’t look out of place as a smoothie. Precisely because the watermelon contains a lot of water, vitamin C and iron. The watermelon is also pressed and drunk pure as juice. The juice is also made into wine by mixing it with other juices and letting it ferment.  

The seeds are dried and roasted and eaten as a snack.  

In West Africa, watermelon seed oil is used in cooking. 

3. Cantaloupe 

The next in the list of 8 different types of melon is the Cantaloupe. The Cantaloupe was first cultivated 5000 years ago in Iran, later in Greece and Egypt. 

The name Cantaloupe probably comes from the word Cantaloupe. Cantaloupe was an infamous piece of Pope’s land near Rome. The Cantaloupe was most likely introduced to Europe by ancient Armenia in the 18th century.  

varieties of melon cantaloupe

There are 2 types of Cantaloupe; The European Cantaloupe and the North American Cantaloupe. 

Features of Cantaloupe 

Cantaloupe has a very dense flesh structure and these melons have a sweet taste. They can be about 5 kilos but the ones in the store are often 2 to 3 kilos.  

Cantaloupe is very nutritious. They contain many antioxidants and are an excellent source of vitamins A and C. The peels are not edible. The seeds can be eaten roasted. 

What to use Cantaloupe for

Cantaloupe is eaten for breakfast or dessert, often with ice cream. 

4. Honeydew melon

The Honeydew melon is a plant from the cucumber family. In Iran, India and known with the honeydew melon. Charles the VIII brought this honey melon from Italy. It has been cultivated in southern Europe for centuries. 

types of melon honeydew melon

Today, this melon is grown in many parts of the world, including Southern California, Spain, and Algeria. 

Features honeydew melon 

The honeydew melon is shaped like a rugby and is yellow in color. The honey melon can have a weight of 2 kilograms. The flesh is light green to yellow in color and tastes juicy, fresh and sweet.  

It contains a lot of vitamins C and B6. Potassium, calcium and zinc are also present. In addition, a honeydew melon has a lot of dietary fiber. Despite their sweet taste, they contain relatively few calories. The honeydew melon is ripe when the skin on the underside is slightly springy. 

What To Use Honeydew Melon For

The honeydew melon is often eaten as a dessert fruit because it tastes sweet. The honey melon also works well as part of a fruit salad. 

5. Eye melon

The eye melon is named after a kibbutz in Israel called Eyes. This melon was first grown there. It is a cross between a Cantaloupe type and a net melon.  

The eye melon is grown in France, Israel and Spain. Eye melons are also grown in the Netherlands and Belgium, but in greenhouses. 

Features Eye melon 

The eyes melon is spherical. It is a juicy and aromatic fruit. The skin is smooth and the color is orange-yellow with green stripes. The flesh is cream-colored to light green. The scent of this eye melon is quite strong when ripe.  

6. Piel De Sapo Melon

The melon, Piel de Sapo, originated in Spain. This melon is still grown on a large scale there. In the growing area of ​​Murcia, especially early crops are grown. They mainly plant these in mid-March and harvest them from mid-June to mid-July. The later crops are grown from mid-May to June and harvested in September.  

This melon is now widely available in the Northern Hemisphere. They are also soaked in California and Arizona. It takes about 110 days for the Piel de Sapo to mature after planting. They grow to about 30 centimeters in length. 

Features of Piel De Sapo Melon

This melon has a spotty skin. Hence the name Piel de Sapo,” which means “Toadskin”. The Piel de Sapo somewhat resembles a small watermelon.  

Inside is a soft and slightly flavored pulp that has a light green color. When the ends are soft with light pressure, the melon is ripe. This Piel de Sapo does not give off an odor when ripe due to its thick skin.  

The pulp of uncut melons is juicier and softer if left at room temperature for one or two days before serving. Once matured or cut, it must be refrigerated in plastic. This melon is excellent to store. The hardy melon can be stored up to six weeks longer than other varieties. 

7. Charentais Melon

The Charentais melon is a type of melon that was developed in the Poitou-Charentais region of western France shortly after the end of the First World War. The Charentais is currently widely grown in North Africa and to a lesser extent in the Southwestern United States and Mexico. 

Characteristics Charentais melon 

With a greenish-white, smooth skin and orange flesh, the Charentais is a relatively small round melon and rarely grows to more than three pounds. The Charentais is similar in taste to the melon, is sweeter and its smell, when cut, is much more robust. 

What To Use A Charentais Melon For

A fairly delicate melon with a short shelf life, the Charentais does not withstand cooking well and is almost always eaten raw as a breakfast or dessert melon, or as part of a fruit salad or punch. 

8. Gwanipa 

The last of the 8 different types of melon is the Gwanipa. This fairly new Spanish melon was developed in Spain. The Gwanipa is grown in a protected area so the grower only uses natural crop protection.  

Features of Gwanipa

The melon has a refreshing sour taste that is close to limes. It has an exotic taste, nice and fresh. The outside of the Gwanipa has the color of a Galia melon with the same stripes. 

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