The World’s Most Consumed Tea Varieties
Tea is an important part of Turkish culture, but its first appearance was not with the Turks. Discovered in China, tea spread to Japan and then to Europe and America. Turks met with tea in the 19th century, and in 1924 tea cultivation initiatives were taken. Such is the brief history of tea scents rising from the Black Sea today.
Although we mostly consume black tea, the names of tea varieties are different. Oolong and Rooibos teas are also very famous in different parts of the world, as well as green tea and white tea, which are slowly being heard. In addition, matcha, which is very popular among green tea varieties, is also very common. In addition to these basic types, there are many different herbal and fruit teas that we all know.
We have prepared an enlightening article for you about the types and names of tea that warm our hearts and touch our souls with their scents. Come on, pour a cup of tea and read the information about the world of tea with pleasure!
Types of Tea: 7 Most Consumed Teas in the World
1) Black Tea
- Black tea, the most popular tea in the world, is obtained by drying the leaves of the plant called Camellia Sinensis.
- The taste of tea can change according to the place where it is grown, the time of harvest, and the way of production.
- Although many different methods are suggested for the way the tea is brewed, it is generally recommended to brew for 3-4 minutes.
- The caffeine in black tea is quite high compared to other types of tea and therefore has a stimulating effect.
- According to different studies, it is said that black tea has a protective effect against cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and kidney stone formation.
2) White Tea
- White tea gets its name from the white hairs on the underside of the leaves and the bright yellowish color that emerges after brewing.
- Once upon a time, a Chinese emperor declared this tea a symbol of elegance. White tea, which has been kept secret by China for many years, is now consumed in different parts of the world.
- It is recommended to brew white tea in 70 degrees hot water for 2-3 minutes.
- White tea contains more antioxidants than other teas, so it has high protection against diseases.
3) Green Tea
- Another type of natural tea that has become widespread in our country is green tea. Green tea is obtained from the plant from which normal black tea is produced. The difference is that there is no fermentation.
- It is recommended to brew green tea, which can be enriched with different types of flowers, in an average of 80 degrees water.
- In other words, you can brew your green tea after keeping the water you boiled waiting for a while.
- Green tea, which has a slightly sharp taste, is more suitable for those who like strong drinks.
- The special substances in green tea increase the body’s resistance. Caffeine also increases one’s energy. It is one of the most preferred drinks in diets.
4) Oolong Tea
- Oolong tea, which is obtained by drying and semi-fermenting the leaves of the tea plant in a different way, is between black tea and green tea.
- A soft chestnut flavor is formed in the tea brewed from the plant, which has also undergone a light roasting process.
- The drink, which is very popular in China and Taiwan, is becoming more and more common in our country.
- Among the most well-known benefits of oolong are protecting heart health, balancing blood sugar, and beautifying the skin.
5) Rooibos Tea
- Just as black tea is popular in Turkey, Roobis tea is also popular in South Africa. The aroma of the tea, which has a red color when brewed, is intense but the drink is light.
- Rooibos, which is rich in minerals, is a type of tea that even children can easily consume because it does not contain caffeine.
- Its taste is characterized as a woody and slightly honeyed vanilla aroma.
- It is recommended that this tea, like many other teas, be brewed in an average of 80 degrees water for 4-5 minutes.
- The most important benefit of Rooibos tea is that it relaxes the person. This red drink, which balances blood pressure, reduces stress, and facilitates a comfortable sleep.
6) Herbal Teas
- There are numerous types of tea in the category called herbal tea. These types of tea and their benefits do not end with counting.
- From linden that wakes us up when we are sick to mint-lemon that solves stomach problems, from lemon balm that solves sleep problems to parsley tea that is good for cystitis, all of the herbal teas have different tastes and benefits.
- The most traditional way of brewing herbal tea is to put a pinch of the plant you want into boiling water and leave it closed for 5-10 minutes.
- If you wish, you can use honey, lemon, cinnamon sticks, and hops to enrich your herbal tea.
7) Fruit Teas
- Another tea category as rich as herbal teas is the fruit tea category.
- Let’s briefly list the general benefits of fruit teas. Apple tea strengthens immunity, regulates cholesterol, relaxes the digestive system. Red fruit tea fights cancer and Alzheimer’s protects cells with its antioxidant properties. Rosehip tea is good for anemia, beautifies the skin, gives energy, prevents constipation.
- It is recommended to drink fruit teas after they are left to infuse in boiled water for 5 minutes.