Salacca zalacca

Salacca zalacca. It is a little commercialized fruit due to its high market price and low nutritional value. Its most notable feature is its scaly skin, which has earned it the nickname “snake fruit.” Salacca zalacca taxonomy was described by (Gaertn.) Voss and published in Vilmorins Blumengärtnerei. Dritte neubearbeite Auflage.


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  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Properties
  • 4 Nutrients
  • 5 Uses
  • 6 Sources


Salacca: generic name that is a latinization of the Malay vernacular name salak. zalacca: epithet that repeats the name. Kingdom: Plantae (no rank): Monocots (no rank): Commelinids Order: Arecales Family: Arecaceae Subfamily: Calamoideae Tribe: Calameae Subtribe: Salaccinae Genus: Salacca Species: Salacca zalacca (GAERTN.) VOSS


The salak is found on the island of Java and Sumatra , but its origin remains unknown. It is grown mainly in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.


It is a small palm tree that has a stem generally underground, with a very short stem, with leaves up to 6 meters long; Each leaf is a 2 meter long petiole with spines up to 15 centimeters long, and numerous leaflets. The fruits grow in clusters at the base of the palm.


Nutritional value per 100 g Energy 368 kcal 1539 kJ Fat 0.4 g Protein 0.8 g Vitamin C 8.4 mg (14%) Calcium 38 mg (4%) Iron 3.9 mg (31%) Phosphorus 18 mg (3%) Sodium 0 mg ( 0%)


Its edible fruit is the salak or snake fruit, also called [Cayigo] (salak means snake in Javanese and Kay is a type of brown snake); it is a large oval or fusiform drupe 5 to 8 cm long, covered with brown scales reminiscent of the tough skin of a snake. Its flesh is toasted yellow with the size of a hazelnut pit. It is a sweet fruit widely used in Malaysia to make sweet dumplings or for curries in Thailand.


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