Hydrolysis oven cleaning: what it is, advantages and disadvantages
Among the modern methods of cleaning the oven, a special position is occupied by the method of eliminating contamination with steam – hydrolysis. What is it? How to carry out it step by step to eliminate contamination, and what to do if food remains on the walls after it? You will find the answers to the questions below.
Hydrolysis cleaning principle
It is no coincidence that hydrolysis oven cleaning got this name, because it is based on the process of hydrolysis (decomposition) – a chemical reaction in which substances interact with water, split and form new compounds. So, the essence of cleaning is as follows:
- Water is poured into a special baking sheet of the oven, the door closes, and the device heats up to a temperature of 90 ° C.
- When the oven warms up, the water heats up and steam is generated from it. It is he who will soften dried grease stains and other dirt.
- The marked fat will drain to the bottom of the oven and must be removed manually after the oven has cooled down, which will take 30-40 minutes.
The interior surfaces of steam-cleaned ovens are coated with a special easy-clean enamel that is resistant to food acids. Such a protective coating is necessary so that particles of grease and other contaminants do not penetrate into the oven.
How to hydrolyze the oven?
Hydrolysis cleaning is easy and does not require a lot of energy, as in the case of pyrolytic cleaning. The process of removing fat with it includes:
- Remove all trays and guides from the oven.
- Pour water into a special recess at the bottom of the oven. If there is none, then you need to fill a shallow but wide container with liquid and install it on the oven rack.
- Add a special gel to the water to enhance the cleaning effect. Most instructions indicate the amount of water for each model. On average, up to 1.5 liters of fluid may be required.
- Enable cleaning mode. With it, the oven heats up to temperatures of 50-90 ° C. The choice of this value depends on the model and manufacturer of the oven. After setting a certain temperature, the water turns into a vaporous state and softens the dirt that has accumulated on the walls of the oven.
- Treat the inner surfaces of the oven with a napkin.
If the oven has not been cleaned for a long time, and the fat in it has hardened, you cannot do without a cleaning agent and a sponge.
Hydrolysis cleaning functions in new ovens
Many modern oven models have a Cleaning function, which requires cleaning using additional sprays that replace steam. In this case, cleaning is carried out according to the following instructions:
- The oven heats up to 90 degrees.
- After 15 minutes (click) the oven door opens. It is necessary to treat the walls as quickly as possible with oven care spray and close the door.
- The traces of split fat, spray and liquid are cleaned after the oven has completely cooled down, which will take about 15 minutes.
Modern oven models are also equipped with the Aqua Clean function. Unlike the previous version, it works at a lower temperature. So, for cleaning, you need to fill a baking sheet with 500 ml of water and select the cleaning mode. The oven will heat up to 50 degrees and clean for 30 minutes. At the end of this time, you can open the door and remove the dirt.
Advantages and disadvantages of hydrolysis cleaning
The main advantages of ovens with hydrolysis programs are as follows:
- With regular cleaning, it is quite easy to get rid of various contaminants.
- Hydrolysis saves energy and detergents.
- The “Aqua Clean” program works at low temperatures – it is enough to heat the oven to 50 ° C. Its duration is only half an hour.
- The Cleaning program removes tough fresh stains by using a steam spray in a 15-minute cleaning process at moderate temperatures up to 90 ° C.
- The presence of hydrolysis functions does not affect the price of the oven.
The disadvantages of hydrolysis cleaning should also be taken into account:
- Difficult and old stains on the inner walls of the oven do not break apart under steam pressure, since they change their structure when they dry. Therefore, in order to remove them, you will have to carry out hydrolysis cleaning several times. If even this does not help, you will have to use a metal sponge, but you need to act as carefully as possible, since you can damage the enamel.
- After cleaning, you will have to manually clean the split fat, and only after the oven has completely cooled down.
- Before cleaning, you need to get the grates, the enemy and the spit, so they will also have to be washed by hand.
Based on the features, pros and cons of hydrolysis, it can be noted that this method greatly simplifies cleaning, but it is not fully automatic, moreover, it does not cope with old stains.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning: how to steam clean in older models and the built-in function
The principle of hydrolysis oven cleaning
Many delicious meals are cooked in an oven. But after the end of cooking, dirt and grease appear on the walls.
It is not always possible to remove dirt from the inner surfaces of the oven with detergents; sometimes it becomes necessary to use a stiff brush. Then there is a risk of damaging the enamelled coating of the oven.
Among the modern methods of cleaning the oven, one can distinguish hydrolysis – the elimination of contamination with steam.
Hydrolysis cleaning principle
Hydrolysis cleaning is based on a chemical reaction of hydrolysis (decomposition). Water interacts with substances that break down, resulting in the formation of new compounds.
The essence of cleaning is as follows:
- – Pour water into a special baking sheet, close the oven and heat it up to 90 degrees;
- – When the oven heats up, steam starts to emit from the water, which softens dirt and grease.
- – After the oven has cooled down, the softened fat that has dripped to the bottom must be removed by hand.
Important: the more often hydrolysis treatment is carried out, the higher its efficiency will be. It is recommended to use this cleaning method after each use of the oven. In this case, it will be possible to avoid stubborn dirt and stains, which are much more difficult to remove.
In ovens with the steam cleaning method, the inner surface is covered with a special enamel that is resistant to food acids. The protective coating prevents grease and dirt particles from entering the oven.
Important: for a purchase, it is better to choose ovens with enamel that prevents the accumulation of fat, in the future it will be easier to carry out hydrolysis cleaning.
After hydrolysis cleaning, a damp cloth must be used, therefore this function is not automatic. It is recommended to clean the oven after each cooking so that later cleaning takes as little time and effort as possible.
How to hydrolyze the oven
Unlike pyrolytic cleaning, hydrolysis does not require significant energy consumption and is easy to perform.
- – Remove the baking sheet and guides from the oven;
- – Pour water into a special container at the bottom of the oven. If there is no special recess, you need to take a shallow wide container, fill it with liquid and put it on the wire rack;
- – A special gel can be added to the water to enhance the cleaning effect. It may take about one and a half liters of liquid, for each model the volume of water is taken according to the instructions;
- – When you turn on the cleaning mode, the oven starts heating up to 50 – 90 degrees, depending on the manufacturer and model of the oven. Under the influence of temperature, water turns into steam and begins to soften grease and dirt from the inner surfaces of the oven;
- – After finishing cleaning, wipe the inside of the oven with a napkin.
If the oven has not been cleaned for a long time, dirt has hardened in it, grease and cleaning did not lead to the expected result, you will need to additionally use a sponge and a cleaning agent.
Hydrolysis cleaning functions in new ovens
In addition to standard hydrolysis cleaning, additional functions for ovens are popular.
The “Cleaning” function is found in many oven models. Cleaning is carried out using special sprays that generate steam.
The technology works according to the following principle:
- – The oven must be heated to a temperature of 90 degrees;
- – After 15 minutes, the oven door opens, and you need to quickly treat the inner surfaces with a special spray, then close the oven door again;
- – after the oven has completely cooled down, you need to clean the traces of spray, liquid and split fat. The time may take about 15 minutes.
In modern ovens, there is one more cleaning function “Aqua Clean”. It differs from the “Cleaning” function in that cleaning takes place at a lower temperature.
You need to take 500 ml of water, pour a baking sheet, the oven will heat up to a temperature of 50 degrees, cleaning takes about 30 minutes.
After the automatic shutdown, you can open the oven door and clean the inside.
Important: in premium ovens, hydrolysis programs are provided with a choice of intensity and time
Advantages and disadvantages of the hydrolysis cleaning method
When choosing an oven with hydrolysis cleaning, you need to familiarize yourself with the advantages and disadvantages.
- – Regular use of cleaning allows you to easily remove dirt in the future;
- – Energy saving;
- – Cleaning with the “Cleaning” function is carried out at an average temperature of 90 degrees and takes only 15 minutes. The special steam spray removes tough stains.
- – Cleaning with the “Aqua Clean” function is carried out at a reduced temperature of 50 degrees, its duration is approximately 30 minutes.
- – The function does not significantly affect the final cost of the oven.
Cons of hydrolysis cleaning:
- – The steam does not break down stubborn stains on the inside of the oven. When dry, the structure of the stains changes and in order to remove them, you need to clean them several times. You may need to use a metal sponge to clean it.
- – After cleaning, wait until the oven has completely cooled down, and then clean the split fat and dirt by hand.
- – Before starting cleaning, you need to remove the grates, spits, baking sheets from the oven. Additional components will need to be washed by hand.
Important: the hydrolysis method makes the cleaning process easier, but it does not cope with old dirt and stains.
Overview of other modern systems
In modern models of ovens, other cleaning systems are also provided: catalytic and pyrolytic.
Pyrolytic cleaning system
The essence of pyrolysis is the combustion of contaminants at temperatures up to 500 degrees. Such a system is considered the most effective, since during the procedure all the inner surfaces of the oven are cleaned, and after it is finished, you only need to wipe off the soot. The disadvantages include high cost, unpleasant odor during combustion of deposits, high energy costs.
In catalytic ovens, the walls have a special porous rough coating containing chemical oxidants that decompose fats into soot and water. The accumulated fat breaks down with every use of the oven, self-cleaning occurs during cooking.
The features of use include:
- – the surface of the door and the bottom of the oven are not covered with a special coating, so they must be cleaned by hand;
- – Panels with special enamel are recommended to be replaced every 4-5 years.
When deciding which cleaning is better: hydrolysis or catalytic, or choose a pyrolytic cleaning method, you need to study the features of each type, and also take into account all the pros and cons. The hydrolysis method is the most widespread and accessible, therefore it is chosen by many users.
The cleaning method is simple, reliable and makes cleaning economical. Hydrolysis cleaning makes it easier and faster to get rid of grease and impurities, but it is inferior to other types of built-in cleaning in terms of efficiency. This method has been used for a long time not only in ovens, but also in microwave ovens.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning: what is it, principle of operation, how it differs from pyrolysis and catalytic + reviews
It is important to understand how hydrolysis differs from other systems, what role it plays in keeping household appliances clean and how it affects the health of households.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning: what is this system
Hydrolysis is the answer to the question of how to clean the oven with water (or rather steam).
It is positioned more as a preparation for full-fledged cleaning, since most of the work will still have to be done independently.
But the more often such processing is carried out, the easier it will be to take care of the stove in the future. If you do the hydrolysis cleaning of the oven immediately after it has cooled down, the whole process will take only 20 minutes.
The principle of hydrolysis oven cleaning is quite simple, it consists of five stages.
- Preparation for cleansing. Pour one liter of water into a baking sheet or a special depression, add a special powder to improve the effect. Vinegar will help to remove the unpleasant smell, if something is burnt, pour a little solution into the powder.
- Turning on. Switch on the hydrolysis mode. If the oven does not have such a function, then activate the heating mode for the lower surface.
- Setting the temperature. Set the thermostat to 60-90 ° C (depending on the specific model and brand), start the process.
- Steam treatment. 40 minutes after the temperature rises, the water is converted to steam, which will eat away food and fat residues. After that, all dirt can be easily removed with a sponge.
- Drying. Dry all parts of the oven and leave the door open for one hour.
When washing the enamel, do not use abrasive sponges and substances, they can damage the surface, this will further complicate cleaning. Many oven models are equipped with automatic hydrolysis. The “AquaClean” function can be adjusted according to the intensity and duration of action, independently deciding at what temperature to carry out the hydrolysis cleaning.
Steam cleaning ovens are found among most modern gas and electric appliances. The procedure does not require expensive detergent powders, does not cause any harm to kitchen furniture and other household appliances. To make the hydrolysis process more efficient, purchase stoves with enamel that is resistant to the accumulation of greasy deposits.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning is considered an auxiliary procedure, but it still has five advantages.
- Convenience. The cleaning principle is simple and does not require constant monitoring.
- Saving. Hydrolysis consumes little energy.
- Price. Ovens with a built-in hydrolysis function have an affordable price.
- Safety. The body of the stove does not heat up, the processing takes place in a gentle mode at moderate temperatures.
- Environmental friendliness. Cleaning does not require aggressive chemicals, the harmful vapors of which can be harmful to health.
… and disadvantages
The disadvantages are that you still have to clean the oven with your hands, the main thing is not to delay it. There are three drawbacks.
- Incomplete automation. Greasy deposits, food debris still have to be removed manually, even after softening.
- Removing only fresh dirt. Old pieces of food and fat do not break down under the influence of steam, as they change their structure during hardening. In this case, hydrolysis cleaning will have to be carried out several times in a row, and it is also good to scrub the walls with a sponge.
- Manual washing of components. Before starting hydrolysis, remove all baking sheets and grates from the oven – they must be washed by hand.
Hydrolysis can be used to clean the microwave. Pour water into a container, heat it up in the microwave for a few minutes.
Modern manufacturers of kitchen appliances, in addition to hydrolysis, offer two more options for maintaining order in the stove. But which is better – hydrolysis, pyrolytic or catalytic cleaning of the oven? To choose the best option for yourself, you need to understand the features, positive and negative aspects of cleaning systems.
Catalytic cleaning takes place on its own during food preparation. A special enamel is applied to the inner surface of the oven. The rough coating contains a catalyst that breaks down grease into soot, water and odor-absorbing particles.
The enamel of the walls is rough and uneven, it all consists of pores, which are filled with a catalyst – copper, cobalt, manganese. After the stove has cooled down, you just need to remove the decomposition products and wipe the coating with a damp cloth. A comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of this cleaning system is in the table.
Table – Advantages and disadvantages of the catalytic system
|– Saving time and energy;
– the availability of the function for both gas and electric stoves;
– no preparatory cleaning stage
|– The presence of the system increases the cost of the stove;
– the door and bottom of the stove still need to be cleaned by hand, they are not covered with enamel;
– decomposition products must be removed by yourself;
– the panel with a special coating will have to be changed after 4 years
Milk and sugar must not be allowed to enter the panel, otherwise the chemical reaction will cease to occur: the coating from these products will be neutralized.
Pyrolytic cleaning is significantly different from hydrolysis. Pyrolysis operates at high temperatures from 250 ° C to 500 ° C, all contaminants burn to ashes right on the walls, and then are easily removed with a rag.
The pyrolytic cleaning process takes up to three hours. In order for the oven to withstand this temperature, its walls are covered with special resistant enamel. Comparison of the pros and cons of the function – in the table.
Table – Advantages and disadvantages of the pyrolytic system
|– Baking trays and grates are not removed from the oven during the procedure;
– all organic matter turns into ash, so there is no need to wash the device after pyrolysis
|– Plates with pyrolytic cleaning are expensive;
– the function is available only in electrical appliances;
– high power consumption;
– to work requires a power cable that can withstand high voltage;
– there is a strong heating of the sides of the slab, which can cause damage to adjacent furniture and wall cladding;
– good ventilation or extraction is required
During pyrolysis, the oven door is locked for safety reasons; temperature sensors are responsible for this.
Which cleaning system is right for you depends on how often you intend to turn on the oven at home:
- pyrolysis – suitable for daily cooking of oven dishes;
- hydrolytic – if the oven is turned on only on weekends;
- catalytic – convenient if you often cook dishes from meat, fish or vegetables;
- pyrolytic or hydrolytic – if the diet is dominated by pastries, cakes, curd casseroles.
To make the right choice, pay attention to the comparison of the main characteristics of the three cleaning systems in the table.
Table – Comparison of the parameters of cleaning systems
Parameters Hydrolysis Catalytic Pyrolytic
|Temperature||50-90 ° C||150-250 ° C||350-500 ° C|
|The need to replace parts||Not required||Every 4 years||Not required|
|Cleaners||Are used||Are used||Not used|
|Application frequency||After every cooking||Every time you cook||As needed|
Use molds, foil, paper, sleeves, and lids. These attributes protect the oven from splashes and excess fat during cooking. Such foresight will save you time and effort that you would have spent on cleaning.
Reviews about the hydrolysis cleaning of the oven are mostly positive. They demonstrate the effective removal of greasy deposits after steam treatment. In general, the system justifies its democratic cost.
Reviews: “Very happy with the purchase”
An oven in our house recently broke down, which is almost fifteen years old, and my husband and I decided to buy a new one, moreover, as modern as possible. Having saved up a little money, we went to the store and began to choose.
When a girl-consultant approached us and offered help in choosing, she asked what kind of cleaning system we would like in technology. This question surprised us, because neither I nor my husband had thought about it before. But for the money, we chose a hydrolysis oven.
Of course, it is not suitable for heavy dirt, but I try to use the oven carefully, so there are no problems. In addition, hygiene must be observed and it is very harmful to run oily deposits.
Moreover, the accumulation of such dirt seriously spoils the appearance of equipment and kitchens, and this stimulates cleaning more often.
We have a large family and small children, so we have to cook a lot and often, including flour products, desserts, puddings, baked meat.
In the old oven, this was all complicated by the fact that it had to be constantly washed. Moreover, not every stain was easy to wash.
After reading reviews on the Internet, we decided to buy a new one with a hydrolysis system and were very pleased with the purchase. It is convenient and practical, and most importantly inexpensive.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning: what it is, principle of operation, advantages and disadvantages
The oven is perhaps the main kitchen appliance. Neither on the stove nor in a multicooker is it possible to cook such delicious, tender, airy and juicy dishes as in the oven. But even with careful use, its inner surface quickly gets dirty, becoming covered with a greasy coating and food particles. Hydrolysis will save kitchen appliances from this scourge.
Powder and a hard metal sponge are the weapons most housewives use to fight the fat on the inner walls of the oven. But the hard particles scratch the surface mercilessly without completely removing the dirt. But the steam acts gently, gradually dissolving the greasy coating. That is why manufacturers of kitchen appliances are increasingly introducing a steam cleaning system into their appliances.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning: what is it
Hydrolysis oven cleaning is the cleaning of surfaces using steam. Under the action of water in a gaseous state of aggregation, fat, carbon deposits and other contaminants that have accumulated on the surface dissolve.
Many modern ovens have this feature built in. But this is not a new technical invention. Rather, home appliance manufacturers have adopted the long-term experience of housewives.
The principle of hydrolysis oven cleaning can be described in six successive steps.
- Water is poured into a deep baking sheet. If the oven provides for a hydrolysis system, then special recesses are provided for the liquid.
- Cleaning agents are added to the water.
- At what temperature to carry out hydrolysis cleaning is determined by the type of coating. Usually, it is 50-90 ° C. In appliances with a factory steam cleaning function, the temperature is set automatically.
- Approximately half an hour after the start of operation of the device, steam begins to evolve, which, settling on the walls, dissolves the fat.
- After turning off the device, you need to give it five to ten minutes to cool down, and then wipe the surfaces with a sponge and detergents.
- If not all contamination was removed the first time, the hydrolysis procedure is repeated.
The hydrolysis method works best in enamelled ovens. This surface prevents fat from settling and burning.
Advantages and disadvantages
If you’re tired of scrubbing off burnt fat from your oven, it’s worth experimenting with steam. Reviews of the hydrolysis cleaning of the oven allow us to highlight a number of advantages and disadvantages.
Table – Advantages and disadvantages of hydrolysis treatment
|– Relatively low cost of devices with such a cleaning system;
– hydrolysis is applicable to old models of household appliances;
– the low processing temperature does not have a negative effect on the oven itself and nearby appliances;
– suitable for both gas and electrical devices;
– low power consumption;
– steam does not damage the enamel
|– Does not provide complete cleaning;
– additional processing is required;
– hydrolysis does not cope with stubborn stains;
– it is necessary to free the oven from trays and grates;
– before starting work, you need to wait until the oven has completely cooled down after the last cooking
The quality of cleaning will depend on how often you maintain your oven. It is recommended to resort to hydrolysis at least once every two weeks.
If the function is not inline …
If the oven is equipped with an automatic cleaning function, as a rule, it comes with detailed instructions on how to hydrolyze the oven, as well as recommendations for detergents. If the device does not provide such an option, four effective remedies can be used at home.
- Dissolve half a glass of table vinegar in two glasses of water.
- Place a container of water in the oven.
- When the temperature reaches 90 ° C, continue heating for another half hour.
- Dry the walls with a sponge.
- Pour two glasses of water and a couple tablespoons of dish soap onto a baking sheet.
- Cut the lemon into wedges and place on a baking sheet as well.
- Place the container in the oven and preheat to 150 ° C.
- After half an hour, unplug, let cool slightly.
- Wipe off any dirt.
If there are stubborn stains on the walls, they need additional treatment.
Rub the problem area with a lemon wedge or treat with a concentrated citric acid solution before starting the cleaning process.
- Rub half a bar of laundry soap and dissolve in a liter of warm water.
- Place the container with the solution in the oven and heat to 150 ° C.
- Unplug after 45 minutes.
- Rub the walls with the hard side of a kitchen sponge and rinse with clean water.
- Leave the oven door open for eight hours to ventilate.
- Pour two glasses of water into a fireproof container and dissolve 300 g of salt in it.
- Place the baking sheet on the bottom of the oven and heat to 200 ° C.
- Turn off the stove after half an hour.
- Wash the walls while still warm with a sponge and detergent.
Overview of other modern systems
Modern housewives value their time and want to spend it on themselves and loved ones, and not on endless cleaning. This is what inspires home appliance manufacturers to implement progressive oven cleaning systems.
Catalytic cleaning is carried out using a special porous coating that contains copper, cobalt, cerium dioxide and manganese. The principle of operation consists of three main stages.
- Starting the process. When the oven heats up to 140 ° C, the oven cleaning process starts automatically.
- Chemical reaction. When heated to 200 ° C, a chemical reaction begins, during which the fat breaks down into water and soot.
- Removal of residual dirt. After completing the cooking process, it remains to wait for the oven to cool and wipe the surfaces from dirt.
The catalytic cleaning system does not work if milk or products containing glucose come into contact with the surface. These substances neutralize the action of oxidants, which are responsible for the breakdown of fat.
To understand which is better – hydrolysis or catalytic cleaning of the oven, it is worth considering the advantages and disadvantages of the latter, described in the table.
Table – Advantages and disadvantages of catalytic cleaning
|– Saving time (the cleaning process takes place during operation);
– no preliminary preparation is required;
– the system is applicable to both gas and electrical appliances;
– low energy consumption (no more than cooking)
|– High cost
– catalytic panels lose their properties over time and require replacement (every three to five years);
– the bottom and doors of the oven do not have a catalytic coating, and therefore they will have to be cleaned manually or by means of hydrolysis;
– fat breakdown products have to be removed manually
Catalyst panels are typically rated for 300 hours of operation. Keep a record of the operating time of the oven so that you can replace it in time.
Today, the most effective and at the same time the most expensive system is pyrolysis.
What is the difference between hydrolysis cleaning and pyrolytic cleaning? The fact that in the first case the fat only softens, and in the second it burns out under the influence of high temperature (up to 500 ° C).
The hostess can only brush the resulting ash from the walls and bottom of the oven. The table details the pros and cons of pyrolysis.
Table – Advantages and disadvantages of pyrolytic cleaning
|– For the duration of the program, the oven is locked to ensure safety;
– complete cleaning that does not require additional wet processing;
– there is no need to remove baking trays and grates (if they are fireproof) before starting the system;
– extends the life of the kitchen appliance
|– High price;
– applies only to electrical appliances;
– increased power consumption when heating up to 500 ° C;
– the presence of a burning smell during system operation;
– due to strong heating of the oven, household appliances and furniture located next to it may deteriorate;
– the oven must be additionally equipped with a strong cable that can withstand high voltage
What is right for you
Modern technologies allow housewives to keep kitchen appliances perfectly clean. But are the costs for the purchase and installation of expensive equipment with one or another cleaning system justified? It all depends on the frequency and purpose of using the oven:
- hydrolysis – suitable for rare use of the oven (no more than once a week);
- catalytic – with the frequent preparation of meat and fish dishes with fatty sauces;
- pyrolytic – with the frequent preparation of all kinds of baked goods, cottage cheese casseroles and confectionery.
Hydrolysis is ideal for cleaning your oven with water. Even if the kitchen “helper” is not equipped with an automatic cleaning system, you can easily clean it up with regular steam. And so that the need for such cleaning arises as little as possible, protect the surfaces of the oven from grease. This is possible by using special lids, foil and baking sleeves.
Which oven cleaning is better – pyrolytic, catalytic or hydrolysis
The self-assembled tablecloth delighted the fairy-tale characters not only with the ability to instantly set the table with dishes, but also quickly remove all dirty dishes – for this, the tablecloth was simply folded.
Oven manufacturers, although they could not fully replicate this “technology”, nevertheless made life much easier for the buyers of their products by introducing various cleaning methods into the design of ovens.
The most common are pyrolytic, catalytic or hydrolysis, and now, when choosing an oven, you also have to decide which oven cleaning is better, because each of the methods has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The term “pyrolysis” in scientific language stands for thermal separation of organic and inorganic chemical compounds, resulting in the formation of ash and gaseous compounds.
This term is made up of two ancient Greek words: Pyr (πῦρ) – fire, heat, bonfire and Lysis (λύσις) – decay, decomposition, stratification.
In simple terms, the essence of pyrolytic cleaning means the combustion of any contamination that may have formed on the walls of the oven.
The pyrolysis method is still the most perfect of all existing ones, and an oven equipped with such functionality can be safely attributed to the class of Mercedes ovens. The fact is that the use of higher temperatures automatically means the use of stronger and more resistant materials.
Every housewife knows that for the preparation of the bulk of baked goods, a temperature of 180-250 ° C is required, which means that pyrolysis should be carried out at much higher values, for which standard ovens are simply not designed.
Basically, most pyrolytic reactions take place at a temperature of about 500 ° C, although some oven manufacturers were able to “make” this function work at 300 ° C, but this is not pyrolysis in its pure form, but only part of a multi-level cleaning system.
Since cleaning is carried out at a high temperature, all such ovens are equipped with additional thermal protection for the door and body, so that their outside temperature is as low as possible. Also, a locking mechanism is installed on them, which does not allow opening the doors while the temperature inside is above two hundred degrees.
Carrying out the cleaning itself should not cause any difficulties for anyone: all the baking sheets are removed from the oven (in some models it is not necessary to do this either – the stands are also made of heat-resistant metal and can be cleaned in this way), the door closes and the self-cleaning mode turns on. When the pyrolysis process is completed, you need to wait a while to allow the oven to cool down, after which the resulting ash can be simply swept away with a brush or cloth.
+ Advantages of the pyrolytic cleaning method
- This is in the full sense of the word “oven self-cleaning” without human intervention – all that is required is to start pyrolysis, and then remove the ash.
- It is almost impossible to get a bad oven with a pyrolysis system – only high quality crucible steel is used for them. Other materials will give themselves away even during the warranty period: the oven will simply “drive” – it will change its shape due to thermal expansion.
- The entire inner surface is cleaned, including the most inaccessible areas – even if the ash from there does not fall to the bottom, it will simply be blown out.
– Disadvantages of the pyrolytic cleaning method
- The use of quality materials proportionally increases the cost of the oven.
- Cleaning is done separately from cooking. This means a waste of time and additional energy consumption.
- The power of ovens with a pyrolysis system is higher than the usual one, therefore, in any case, it will have to run a separate line for it, designed for at least 6 kW.
- Pyrolysis produces a large amount of gaseous decomposition products, which require a good ventilation system to remove.
- Despite the high-quality thermal protection, the surface of the oven and the door itself gets quite hot. Although their temperature does not exceed 70-80 ° C, this is quite enough to get burned, especially for a child. Therefore, it is advisable that there is no one in the kitchen during the pyrolysis cleaning of the oven.
Catalytic oven cleaning
This method combines the efficiency of the technology used and the cost of its application. It has become widespread, since it does not require serious complication of the design of the ovens, and at the same time gives a fairly good result.
The whole secret lies in the composition of the enamel covering the walls of the oven, which contains a catalyst – an active component that decomposes fats into soot and water at temperatures from 150 ° C and above.
This means that the cleaning process takes place automatically, right during cooking.
It is quite easy to recognize an oven equipped with a catalytic cleaning system by running your hand inside the heating chamber – on its surface there are panels covered with a rough to the touch enamel.
Actually, this is the principle of the catalytic cleaning method – when fat is sprayed inside the oven during cooking, it gets on the panels and lingers on their rough surface.
Since the surface of the oven is already heated to the desired temperature, a catalytic reaction begins, which ends even during this cooking or will be continued during the next one.
Some manufacturers build in several cleaning modes in ovens – after cooking, you can turn on an additional one, at an elevated temperature.
In terms of efficiency, there is no doubt which type of oven cleaning is better – catalytic is clearly inferior to pyrolysis, but it is cheaper and in any case greatly facilitates the task of keeping the oven clean. In addition, manufacturers are constantly improving the materials used and the latest catalytic cleaning systems have a much longer service life and require less human intervention when cleaning the oven.
+ Advantages of the catalytic cleaning method
- The cleaning process itself occurs imperceptibly – it starts automatically while the oven is operating.
- The cost of ovens with a catalytic cleaning method is within the golden mean and they are quite affordable for a user with an average income.
- Long service life of panels with catalytic enamel – even with intensive use they last for 5 years. In addition, you can find double-sided panels that, after working on one side, can be turned over and used further.
- Accessibility of components – when, over time, the enamelled panels have to be replaced, they are easy to find: in service centers or shops. Here, if necessary, you can order their installation, if you do not want to perform the replacement yourself.
- This cleaning method can be used in electric and gas ovens.
– Disadvantages of the catalytic cleaning method
- Catalytic enamel begins to deteriorate when it comes into contact with sugar or milk. Since during cooking, for example, baking, filling can drip from the trays to the bottom of the oven, the panels with the catalyst are attached only to the side and rear walls.
- Panels with catalytic enamel should not be cleaned with abrasive detergents or a hard cloth – they will wipe the enamel off the surface.
- Although the panels with enamel are quite durable, they will need to be replaced after a while.
- If the surface is heavily soiled, cleaning will have to be repeated several more times.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning
Most likely, this simple but quite effective cleaning method is a folk invention, because every housewife is familiar with it, who had to wash dried dirt from dishes.
The essence of the method is in the preliminary softening of fats that have fallen on the walls of the oven, for which water vapor is used. To do this, simply take one or two containers of water and install it inside the oven.
Then the oven heats up to 50-90 ° С and after 30-40 minutes it will be much easier to clean the greasy spots or the filling from the pies that has dripped to the bottom of the oven.
In fact, the manufacturers of ovens did not invent a bicycle, but simply made a recess in the ovens at the bottom where you can pour water, added a timer for 30-40 minutes and said that such ovens are equipped with a hydrolysis cleaning system. In addition, cleaning agents for such ovens began to be sold that help soften fats and burnt dough under the influence of hot steam.
To the credit of the manufacturers, they did not stop there – the cleaning method itself is unlikely to be improved, but the enamel for the oven walls is gradually improving. Its acid resistance increases, and the even and smooth surface has a molecular structure that prevents the penetration of fat particles into it.
+ Advantages of the hydrolysis cleaning method
- Extremely economical – all you need is water and a little detergent. Energy costs are minimal as there is no need to heat the oven to a high temperature.
- Safety – no overheating and no risk of burns.
- Despite the simplicity and obviousness of this solution, it significantly increases the cleaning efficiency.
– Disadvantages of the hydrolysis cleaning method
- You still have to work hard on complex pollution.
- You have to set aside a separate time for cleaning. In this case, the oven must be cooled down after cooking.
- The method, even with a stretch, cannot be called automatic – rather, it is just a simplification of manual cleaning.
Comparison of oven cleaning systems
|Pyrolytic cleaning||Catalytic cleaning||Hydrolysis treatment|
|Cleaning principle||Any pollution, under the influence of high temperatures, turns into ash||Under the influence of catalysts located in the walls of the oven, fats are broken down||The steam softens the dirt|
|Electricity consumption||High||The average||Not big|
|Cleaning temperature||Up to 500 0С||140 – 250 0С||50 – 90 0С|
|Cleaning application frequency||As needed||After every cooking||After every cooking|
|Cleaning efficiency||Removes both fresh and old dirt||Removes fresh dirt||Helps to soften dirt|
|The need for consumable materials||Not||Catalytic panels||Water|
|Using detergents for final cleaning||No need||Necessary||Necessary|
These are all the main ways how to keep the oven clean, their principle of operation, advantages and disadvantages. But to decide which type of oven cleaning is better, in each individual case you will have to independently, depending on the desire to save money when buying an oven, electricity during its operation or time for cleaning.
Hydrolysis oven cleaning: what it is, how it works and 4 advantages
Modern technology is designed to make life as simple as possible for people and to make the hardships of everyday life look more like pleasant chores. This primarily applies to housewives who use appliances on a daily basis. Modern ovens can self-clean in a variety of ways, such as hydrolysis. I will tell you what hydrolysis oven cleaning is.
Methods for cleaning the oven
Hydrolysis oven cleaning is a method of getting rid of dirt on the inner surface of the oven using steam and a relatively high temperature – +80 ° C … +90 ° C. But this technology is not the only way to self-clean the oven.
Modern ovens can be equipped with various self-cleaning functions:
Method 1. Hydrolysis
The steam generated by the evaporation of liquid in a special container settles on the surface and allows the fat molecules to lag behind the enamel.
Method 2. Pyrolytic
Purification takes place by heating to extreme temperatures – up to +500 ° C, as a result of which food leftovers literally turn into ash, which is easy to remove.
Method 3. Catalytic cleaning
Based on the reaction of decomposition of fat molecules in contact with the inner surface of the oven.
Special catalytic panels have a special coating that “repels” dirt, simplifying the cleaning process.
Hydrolysis cleaning function
But, as the sales statistics show, the equipment with the hydrolysis function is in special demand among the consumer.
How to use hydrolysis cleaning
Absolutely everyone can cope with this oven cleaning system, even if they have practically no skills in using kitchen appliances. But nevertheless, different models from different manufacturers have their own operating characteristics, so the instructions for the technique are required to read.
At the moment of cleaning, the temperature inside reaches 500 degrees. Steam cleaning is rather a semi-automatic function and greatly simplifies the cleaning process. This explains the presence of such a function even in inexpensive oven models.
Hydrolysis step-by-step cleaning process:
Step 1. Program selection
The steam function is usually called AquaClean (there is AquaSmart technology) and is accompanied by a corresponding icon.
- It is necessary to remove all internal removable elements (grates, baking sheet, removable fasteners, etc.);
- Then select the appropriate program on the control panel;
- If there is a choice of temperature and time, then adjust these parameters as well. (Recommended settings: 90 ° C and 30 minutes cycle).
Step 2. Adding water
The cleaning itself takes place by evaporation of the liquid, which must first be poured:
- The required amount of water is poured into a special recess at the bottom of the cabinet or into a special container. For light dirt, you can do with plain water, and for high-quality cleaning, it is advisable to use a solution with a cleaning agent.
- In inexpensive models, a container or a depression may not be provided, then we simply pour water into a small heat-resistant container and put it on the wire rack (but not on the lower level).
- We close the door and start the process.
Step 3. The final stage
When the technician finishes the cleaning process, it is necessary to open the door so that the inner surface cools down a little.
After that, you can begin to remove the softened fat and dirt.
Hydrolysis is found in gas and electric ovens, in contrast to the high temperature cleaning system (pyrolysis).
Ideally, this should be done after each cupboard cooking process. Many models in the middle and premium segment have several hydrolysis modes.
This is usually a quick steam treatment and a full thirty minute cycle. The latter is best used about once every 1-2 months.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Steam cleaning is used in many modern models of kitchen ovens, however, this useful function has its advantages and disadvantages:
- Advantages Disadvantages Price
- The presence of such a useful system does not affect the cost of the equipment.
- The hydrolysis function is present both in premium kitchen cabinets and in ovens with a completely affordable price.
- Non-autonomous process
- Hydrolysis can hardly be called self-cleaning from contamination, because after that you still have to work with your own hands and remove the pliable fat from the walls with a rag or sponge.
- The time required is minimal (15–40 minutes), especially when compared to pyrolytic cleaning, which can take up to three hours.
- Time in this case is equivalent to energy: electricity and gas are consumed as usual.
- Cleaning parts
Additional items are washed by hand. The racks and baking sheet cannot be cleaned in this way.
For light soiling, a single steam treatment is sufficient, while more stubborn traces of grease can be removed with the addition of a cleaning agent. The process is understandable even for those who are far from technology.
- Failure to remove old fat
- Such a cleaning system is not able to remove old burnt fat in one cycle.
- You will either have to deal with the problem in a few cycles, or delete it manually.
- Gentle effect on the surface
- + 50 … +90 ° C is not such a high temperature, which can somehow affect the wear of the inner surface of the cabinet, and it is unlikely that you will get seriously burned if you accidentally touch the door.
Removable elements of the oven still have to be cleaned with their own hands The enamel of the oven with this function is especially durable and can withstand frequent exposure to acids and detergents, in contrast to the delicate enamel of the catalytic cleaning system.
The popularity of ovens with hydrolysis function is fully justified and this option can be considered optimal in terms of price / quality ratio. A similar function is found both in budget ovens and in top models of well-known brands of household appliances.