How to Grow Apricots?

How to Grow Apricots

Apricots are the fruit of the fruit tree known as Prunus armeniaca and can often be yellow or orange in color. Apricot fruit is juicy and sweet; However, it may also have a slightly sour flavor in its shell. Apricot, which has numerous benefits for health, is a productive species preferred by those who want to grow fruit in their gardens and lands. Apricots are grown from seed and grow effortlessly.

Turkey ranks first in the world in apricot production for daily consumption or drying purposes. In our content, we have compiled the tips you need about apricots, which love the Mediterranean climate in our country, and their cultivation.

How to Plant Apricot Kernels?

Apricot growing stage can be accomplished by germinating apricot seeds . Apricot germination consists of very easy steps. So let’s examine:

Materials: 

  • apricot kernels
  • pot filled with peat
  • This
  • Glass

Application: 

  • After eating the apricots, remove the seeds and wash them.
  • Dry the beans a few times in a sunny place.
  • Break the dried seeds and remove the seeds inside.
  • Soak apricot seeds in cold water and in the refrigerator for 1 week or at least 2-3 days.
  • Fill a medium to small pot with peat soil.
  • Bury the beans by the spikes into the soil surface.
  • Part of the core, not the whole, should be buried in the ground.
  • Make holes in the lid of a plastic bottle and water the top part of the beans.

How to Grow Apricots?

After the apricot germination process, it is time to transfer our germinated plant to a larger pot in the garden and care for it:

Climate

Apricot trees grow in sunny and warm climates . It requires plenty of sun. Productivity increases in climates with dry springs and sunny, hot summers. In order to get a good crop from the planted apricots, you should choose a location where they can receive at least 6 hours of sunlight during the day.

Soil

The soil should be well drained. With fertile, deep and well-ventilated soils; Fine textured, loamy, loamy calcareous soils are suitable. Additionally, the pH value should be between 6.5 and 7.5 . When you choose the soil and sunlight according to this tree, you can get the best yield from apricots. Constantly moist soils are not suitable for apricot cultivation.

Garden Preparation

Clean the soil and don’t forget to weed it. Loosen the soil by hand to ensure good drainage and strengthen it by adding organic matter . After preparing the soil for growth, you can plant from seeds or seedlings.

In garden and soil preparation, you can choose loamy, moisture-retaining soils with high organic content. This type of soil will increase apricot yield.

Irrigation

Apricots should be watered every 15-20 days ; It requires irrigation 5-10 times a year and should be watered 10 days before harvest. Irrigation frequency may be shortened or extended depending on soil permeability . The determining factor here is the decrease in permeability.

Pruning

It is appropriate to prune the apricot tree so that its height does not exceed 5 to 5.5 meters. Branches growing upwards should be cut and branches spaced apart. Harsh pruning reduces the quality of the tree and therefore the fruit; Hard pruning should be done.

Harvest

Apricot begins to bear its first fruits within 1 year . To get the best results, you need to wait an average of 4-5 years . Apricots usually begin to ripen in the summer months. Harvest time will vary depending on the color and texture of the apricots, so you need to check the trees frequently.

In Which Season Do Apricots Grow?

It should be noted that apricots need sun to ripen and get their color. To grow apricots, warm weather, sufficient temperature, sunny months and suitable soil are required. These conditions are best provided by the late spring and summer months.

The flowering period of apricot, which is a summer fruit, occurs in spring. After flowering, fruits form on the branches. The fruits begin to turn red, ripen and are ready to be harvested later in the summer.

Although the harvest date of apricots may vary depending on the climatic events of that year, it is between 20 June and 9 July for late-growing varieties ; For mid-season fruits, it may vary between 21, 30-31 May and 16, 19, 23, 26 June .

Frequently asked Questions

Can Apricots Be Grown from Seeds?

Yes , you can use the seed growing technique when starting to grow apricots. You can obtain apricot seedlings with this method, which gives results after a longer time than growing from seedlings. For this, the seed must be moistened, cracked and sprout.

After the sprouted apricot kernel is buried in suitable soil, it is waited for it to cover the soil and become a seedling. Theoretically, it is possible to grow apricots from seeds. However, it is a little more difficult than other practical methods.

How Does Apricot Tree Grow?

The apricot tree grows by completing the flowering, fruit formation, ripening and harvesting periods. It is possible to grow apricot trees when appropriate conditions are provided and the recommendations we have just mentioned are applied. Those who want to grow apricot trees should pay attention to every stage, as they need good sunlight, proper soil drainage, regular watering, fertilization and pruning.

When to Plant Apricots?

Apricot saplings are started in mid-November (after the 1st and 2nd week) . However, this period may vary depending on altitude and climate characteristics. In some regions, planting can be started in the last week of April.

How many years does it take for an Apricot Tree to bear fruit?

If you have given the necessary care to the apricot seedling and it likes the soil, it will start to bear its first fruits 1 year after planting . However, if you want to get high yield and witness the growth of the tree, you must wait 4-5 years for full yield . Depending on the quality of the tree and soil characteristics, you may see enough fruits to be harvested after 5 years.

Abbas Jahangir

I am a researcher and writer with a background in food and nutritional science. I am the founder of Foodstrend.com, our reputable online platform offering scientifically-backed articles on health, food, nutrition, kitchen tips, recipes, diet, and fitness. With a commitment to providing accurate and reliable information, we strive to empower our readers to make informed decisions about their health and lifestyle choices. Join us on Foodstrend.com's journey toward a healthier and happier lifestyle.

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