How Is Olive Made?

Olive
  • How Is Olive Made?
  • Calories and Nutritional Value of Olives
  • Where Are Olives Grown?
  • What are the Olive Types?
  • What are the Benefits of Olive Leaf?
  • What are the Benefits of Olive Seed?
  • How Much Are Olive Prices?
  • Olive Law
  • Recipes With Olives That Will Make A Difference In Your Breakfasts

How Is Olive Made?

For olive making, it is important to first decide which olive you want to make.

  • If you want to make green table olives, you should use olives harvested in September and October, and for black olives in November – December.
  • Crushed olives are suitable for those who want to eat in a very short time. After you take the olives you need, sort and wash the olives and crack them with the help of a stone without breaking the pit. Place the cracked olives in a glass jar so that there are no gaps.
  • When the jar is full, fill it with drinking water. Refresh the jar by emptying it every other day for 1 week or 10 days and continue the process until the bitterness subsides.
  • When your olive starts to taste, pour out the water and replace it with brine water. Close the jar lid tightly. When you want to eat, you can consume as much as you want.
  • To make green scratched olives, draw the olives in 2 or 3 places from the stem to the tip.
  • Place the olives you have drawn in a glass jar. Fill it with salt water and change the water of the olives every day for 1 week and 10 days.
  • Repeat this process until the bitterness is gone. When the olive becomes sweet, you can store it in brine. That’s it. It’s that simple. Now you have organic homemade olives.
  • You can create magnificent tastes by enriching it with olive oil, chili pepper and thyme for breakfast.
  • Since you can make olives, it would be beneficial for you to try making olive milk, a panacea that has been on the agenda in recent years.
  • Olive milk, which is the name given to the unprocessed raw olive oil taken from the olive paste, is a very valuable and healing food that can be obtained only 1 – 1.5 kilograms from one hundred kilograms of product.

Calories and Nutritional Value of Olives

  • 100 grams of green olives are approximately 50 pieces and are 145 calories. The same amount of black olives is 215 calories.
  • On average, 100 grams of olives contain between 15 and 20 grams of oil.
  • Olive, which is rich in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, meets 13% of the daily pulp requirement.
  • Olive, which is rich in vitamins A, E and K, is also important with its niacin and folate content.
  • Olives, which contain calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper and selenium minerals that play an important role in the human body, are a wonderful taste that should be included in the daily nutrition program.
  • In addition, antioxidant components in its content increase the nutritional value of olives. When consumed as olive paste, it is necessary to be careful because of its high calories.
  • Olive, which causes lubrication in the body when consumed too much, strengthens the immune system in measured consumption.
  • You can feel better thanks to olives consumed during pregnancy and during the illness.
  • Because olives contain many vitamins and minerals.

Where Are Olives Grown?

  • Olive saplings are grown with special olive fertilization methods. Depending on the slope of the land, phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, organic and composite fertilizers are used together at different times.
  • So, in which region does olive grow? Olive, which can be grown in all countries with a Mediterranean climate, is also found in Central Asia, California, Crimea and South Australia.
  • It is grown intensively in Turkey, especially in the Aegean, Mediterranean and Southern Marmara regions.
  • Manisa, Muğla, İzmir, Balıkesir, Antalya and Mersin are among our provinces famous for their olive groves. Olive can be grown in every region of Turkey because it is among the tree species that is very easy to care for.
  • Olives grown in Turkey are sent to various countries as well as meeting the need in the country.
  • Since the climate of Turkey is suitable for olives, the quality of the olives produced is also quite good.
  • Olives grown throughout the year are consumed in many ways in the food sector.

What are the Olive Types?

Olive cultivation is carried out in all regions from east to west in our country. This presents a wide range of olive varieties. Here are the varieties of olives grown in our country:

  • Edremit/Ayvalık Olive:Medium size. The black-colored one is the saddle olive type.
  • Big Lump Olives: They are large and round, fleshy and have a wonderful flavor.
  • Çakır Olive: Known as olive for oil, the green one is for table olives.
  • Olives in Traction: Also known as green crushed olives, they are large and picked before they mature. With its distinctive aroma, it leaves a lasting flavor on the palate.
  • Çelebi Olive: It is a very large olive variety. It is consumed as green table olives.
  • Çilli Olive: It has small seeds, oval shape and fleshy.
  • Edincik Olive: It has high water content, low oil rate. It is round and large.
  • Curved Nose Olives: Black and green olives on the table are small.
  • Erkence Olive: This olive, which is used in oil production, is of medium size.
  • Domat Olive: Green table olive, large and fleshy.
  • Halhalı Olive: It has a unique aroma, dark color, and high oil content.
  • İzmir Table Olives: Oval-shaped, quite large olives are table olives.
  • Kalembezi Olive: It is an oily olive, large and small.
  • Kan Çelebi Olive: Itis called blood Çelebi because of its pink-red color during ripening.
  • Karamursel Water Olive: Known as Kalamata olive, it is black in color and very large.
  • Gemlik Olive: Dark black in color and medium in size. The seeds can be easily separated from the flesh.
  • KilisOil Olive: It is oil olive. It is the size of a lentil.
  • Cherry Olive: It is large and black in color. It got this name because its ripe fruits resemble cherries. Olives are large and considered black table olives.
  • Mammal Olive: Both for oil and table olives. Also called crushed olive.
  • NizipYağlık Olive: It is small and oily.
  • Samanlı Olive: Medium size and hand-picked.
  • Yellow Haşebi Olive: Both for oil and table olives.
  • Yellow Messenger Olive: It is green and black in color. It has a large core.
  • Memecik Olive: It is used to make natural extra virgin olive oil.
  • Saurani Olive: Small and oily.
  • Rabbit Heart Olive: It is large and low in fat.
  • Good Olive: It is purple-black in color. It is oily.
  • Yağ Çelebi Olive: It islarge and oily.

What are the Benefits of Olive Leaf?

  • Olive leaf prevents the formation of sinusitis and is effective in the treatment of chronic sinusitis.
  • Studies have shown that it accelerates the healing process in patients against diarrhea caused by harmful bacteria.
  • It allows the heart to pump blood regularly against heart diseases and regulates the heart rhythm.
  • Olive leaf, which contains antioxidant compounds, supports body detoxification (toxin removal).
  • It is recommended for those who have high blood pressure problems as it balances blood pressure.
  • By increasing body resistance, it supports the body in the fight against diseases and increases immunity.
  • In addition, olive cologne made using olive flower, olive leaf and olive extract makes hands and skin soft.
  • The tea prepared after brewing the olive leaf in hot water becomes a very healing herbal tea.
  • If you dry olive leaves and consume them as tea; You will be doing your body a lot of good.
  • You can consume olives in all aspects for the intestinal, digestive, nervous and circulatory system.

What are the Benefits of Olive Seed?

  • In some stomach ailments, drinking the olive seed by crushing it into powder can reduce the complaints. This brings to mind the question of whether the olive seed is swallowed. Since the olive kernel cannot be digested in the stomach and intestines, it can cause damage.
  • Crushing the olive seed and using it in powder form can be good for constipation and hemorrhoids.
  • It can be said that it is effective in preventing cancer due to the antioxidants it contains.
  • It can show pain relief in joint and bone pain caused by fractures and dislocations.

How Much Are Olive Prices?

  • Approximately 1 million tons of olives are produced in Turkey. Turkey, which ranks 4th among all countries in the world, has 120 million olive trees.
  • The prices of the olives we produce in our country are more affordable than in other countries in the world.
  • The most important factor that determines the price of olives is the variety and quality of the olive.

On average, olive prices vary between 19 lira and 45 lira per kilogram:

  • Average price of Ayvalık stone crushed olives is 19 TL
  • Average price of black saddle olives in Gemlik is 25 TL
  • Average price of 1 kg of green olives with pepper is 35 TL
  • Price of pickled black olives for 1 kg is 38 TL
  • The average price of 1 kg of organic olives is 45 TL.

Olive Law

  • The Olive Law No. 3573, which emphasized the importance given to olives with the Republic in Turkey and entered into force in 1939, is a law that protects olive trees.
  • According to this law, people who damage olive trees are punished with imprisonment or a fine.
  • The law, which was specially designed for the protection and maintenance of the health of olive trees for many years, came to the fore with the issue that it will be amended in 2017.
  • Article 20 of the law states that no chemical plant can be built at least three kilometers away from olive groves that would harm the development of olive groves. The bill has included the issue of changing this article.
  • At the same time, the definition of olive grove area was changed and it was stated that there should be at least 15 olive trees in 1 decare, otherwise it could not be considered as an olive grove and the trees could be cut down.
  • These articles in the draft law were withdrawn after intense reactions.

 

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