How is Butter Made? Benefits and Harms
Butter, which has a history as old as human history, is a wonderful flavor that emerged when people domesticated animals such as cows and sheep. Butter, which is used especially in the production of pastries, desserts and pilafs in our country, is indispensable for breakfast and fried eggs.
Butter, which has a special place in European cuisine, begins to increase in value when it becomes a commercial product. Butter, which is frequently used in Eastern cuisines and especially in Indian dishes, is sometimes used as medicine in Indian cuisine. Butter, which is made in the highlands by the nomads in our country, becomes the sought-after flavor of the palace kitchens in the following periods.
Butter, which has a unique aroma and smell, adds flavor to every dish, from pilafs to sauces, from cookies to meat dishes, from vegetable dishes to cakes and omelets. The taste of every dish made with butter becomes more beautiful and fragrant. It is used by melting butter or softening it at room temperature, which adds to its flavor and softness, especially when added to pastries such as cookies, cakes and pies.
Not only that, you should try to drink your tea once, adding a little butter. You will feel the magnificent difference in taste in your palate.
Butter, which creates a flavor impact in meals with its magnificent smell, is not resistant to heat and is not recommended for use in frying. Butter exposed to direct heat can burn in a short time, and its taste will deteriorate and black deposits will form on it. When using butter for meals, adding 1-2 tablespoons of olive oil prevents it from burning.
What is Butter?
- Butter is an animal fat that is formed as a result of concentrating, maturing and churning out milk fat, cream.
- Butter, one of the pearls of the kitchen, finds itself in many recipes. With its flavor and texture, it makes the recipe even more attractive. It has a wide range of uses from rice to dessert, from cake to pastry.
- Butter is actually one of the most popular ingredients used in the kitchen.
- This type of oil, which is more preferred when compared to liquid oil, is also very beneficial for health.
- Especially when you find natural and organically prepared butter, it is recommended to stock up at home.
- Because butter, which is prepared without any additives in the village environment, is introduced as the best quality oil of all time.
- Experts, who recommend butter from infants to the elderly, often emphasize the minerals in this oil.
- If you are feeding babies who are in the supplementary food period with the blw method; You can serve it by adding some butter to pasta and noodles.
- If you have a baby who eats with the spoon method; Do not forget to add natural butter to the soups and meals you prepare.
- You can use the butter for long-term consumption by keeping it in the refrigerator and freezer. One of your flavor secrets for many recipes you prepare at home will be butter!
So, what is butter made from?
It can be obtained directly using milk, or it can be obtained using fresh or fermented cream. The taste of butter, which varies in color from white to yellowish, can be sweet or slightly sour. The reason for the changes in the color of the butter is the diet of the animal.
According to the way of preparation, butter, which can be odorless or have a slightly sour smell:
- village butter,
- dairy butter and
- It is divided into varieties, including pasteurized butter.
In some regions, it can also be made using yogurt instead of milk. Butter made with yogurt is much superior to that made with milk in terms of flavor and aroma, but it is not preferred in the butter industry because of its low efficiency.
What Are the Benefits of Butter?
- It contains vitamins that increase the body’s immune system. It plays an important role in maintaining eye health.
- It is a good source of minerals.
- The short and medium chain fatty acids in its content fight pathogenic microorganisms living in the intestine.
- It protects the body against cardiovascular diseases.
- The antioxidant components in its content protect the body against infections and support the body’s fight against diseases. infectious diseases
- It provides protection against and repairs cells.
- It protects body cells against cancer and prevents the proliferation of cancer cells.
- It helps in the prevention of diseases such as arthritis and calcification in the joints.
- With the effect of vitamins A and D in its content, it strengthens the bone structure and has an active role in preventing tooth decay.
- Butter, which has antifungal properties, is effective in the treatment of candida. It is important in maintaining stomach and intestinal health.
- Real butter has the effect of raising good cholesterol, namely HDL, and lowering LDL, that is, bad cholesterol.
- Butter, which gives a feeling of satiety, has a preventive effect on obesity when consumed in recommended amounts.
- It provides brain development with the effect of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids in its content. It is recommended that especially growing children consume butter in order to complete their brain development.
- Another benefit of butter is that it supports thyroid health.
Butter Calories and Nutritional Values
- 1 serving, ie 30 grams of butter, is approximately 226 calories.
- Butter contains fat-soluble vitamins A, E, D and K.
- It contains antioxidant minerals such as selenium, copper, zinc, chromium and manganese.
- Especially when mixed with wheat germ, the amount of selenium increases even more. Butter, which is very rich in iodine, is important with its structure that supports thyroid health.
- Contains carotene, a precursor to vitamin A.
- Glycospingolipids, which are among the components of butter, are important in stomach and intestinal functions.
- Rich in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, 80% of butter is fat. 18% is water and 2% is milk solids.
- Butter, which is indispensable for the tables with its sophisticated taste, contains 500 fatty acids and nearly 400 volatile components.
- All these ingredients give butter its unique flavor.
- Mass-produced butter has a different taste than village butter, as some flavoring components in butter are destroyed during pasteurization.
How is Butter Made? How Does Organic Butter Work?
For the churn method, which is the classical method of making butter, milk is first fermented and matured. The matured milk is put into the churns and shaken by adding some cold water. In the agitation process, the oils cling to each other and clump together. The oils collected on the chutney condense and churn butter is obtained. In other words, butter is the condensed form of cream of milk.
Let’s answer the question of how to make organic butter. Organic butter is made in 2 ways:
- In the first method, homemade yogurt is used for butter. The cream on the yogurt is taken into a glass jar. Cold water is added to it and the mouth of the glass jar is tightly closed, leaving at least 4 fingers of space. Then the glass jar is started to be shaken. After 15 minutes, oils begin to collect on the glass jar. A few ice cubes are added to the jar and shaken is continued for a while. The mixture is passed through a cheesecloth and the butter on the cheesecloth is taken into a bowl.
- The other method is to mix milk cream, cream or yogurt cream by adding water to it with a mixer. The whipped mixture is ready to be eaten as butter. Yogurt fermentation can also be done with the butter you have prepared, you should definitely try this yogurt.
So how many liters of milk comes out of 1 kg of butter? Using 14 liters of milk, 1 kilogram of butter is obtained.
Does Butter Go Bad?
- Butter is made in two ways, salted and unsalted.
- The most natural and organic type of butter is unsalted butter. Unsalted butter, which has a soft texture, is light white in color.
- Salted butter, on the other hand, is butter obtained by adding salt. Salted butter is more durable.
- Butter can be stored for a long time if the storage conditions are followed.
- Butter can become moldy and spoil if left uncovered.
- It should not be consumed when bitterness and difference are felt in the taste and smell of butter.
- At the same time, if the color of the butter starts to darken when it is first taken, this is a sign that the butter is spoiled.
- It is appropriate to store the butter in an airtight container in the refrigerator or in the freezer.
So how do you melt butter? If your butter is in the freezer, it is healthy to melt it by placing it on the lower shelves of your refrigerator. Keeping the butter you removed from the refrigerator at room temperature without exposing it to direct light is sufficient for it to melt.
Butter Harms and Side Effects
- All the oils used in our kitchens are high in calories. Butter, which is among our traditional tastes, is one of the most consumed oils in our country.
- Excessive consumption of saturated fats can cause cardiovascular diseases.
- Ready-made ingredients added to the milk used for mass-produced butter may have an allergenic effect.
- In addition, feeding cows whose milk is used with ready-made feed may reduce the quality and nutritional value of butter.
- Excessive butter consumption increases insulin resistance.
- People with diabetes should not consume more than the recommended amount of butter.
- Due to its high fat content, excessive consumption of butter can cause lubrication in all systems of the body, and accordingly, the formation of chronic diseases is observed.
- High calories cause weight gain.