Home Japanese Rose Care Tips
The Japanese rose flower, which has a striking appearance with its large and colorful flowers, is also known as a Chinese rose and hibiscus among the people. This plant, which is the national flower of Malaysia, can be easily grown in pots or in the garden.
What is a Japanese Rose?
- The Japanese rose, which has a very pleasant appearance with its large flowers, is one of the mallows.
- It has long-stemmed, large, eye-catching flowers of different colors.
- This flower, whose Latin name is Hibiscus Rosa Chinensis, is also known by the names Chinese rose, rose marshmallow, and hibiscus.
- The Japanese rose, which can be easily grown in pots or in the garden, can grow up to 3 meters in length. Its spreading area is about 2 meters. Its branches are dense. In this form, it resembles a bush.
- If you are going to grow this plant indoors, you need to shorten its height by pruning regularly.
- The leaves are oval, hard, and green in color.
- Its dark green body turns gray as it ages.
- The Japanese rose flower is used in the landscaping of gardens and parks with its fascinating appearance.
- It can be planted singly or in groups.
In Which Month Is The Japanese Rose Planted?
- The best time to grow and propagate the Japanese rose flower from seed is the autumn months.
- For planting, first, fill the pot with soil 2/3 and place the seeds 3 cm apart.
- You can place as many seeds as you want.
- Then cover the seeds with soil.
- The flower pot is bright, but place it in a place out of direct sunlight and cover it with cling film. Don’t forget to punch holes on the stretch. Thanks to these holes, you can water the seeds using a sprayer.
- Thus, the soil will always remain moist.
- When the seedlings reach 1-2 cm in length, you can remove the cling film.
- When the big leaves start to open, you can plant the seedlings where they will stand permanently.
How to Care for a Japanese Rose at Home?
- You can grow the Japanese rose flower in the garden or in a pot.
- If you are going to grow it in a pot, you should choose a pot with a drainage hole.
- When the roots of this plant grow transversely, a wide pot should be used, not a deep one.
- A 30 cm pot will be sufficient for the first year.
- The roots of this plant grow horizontally and the branches grow vertically. Therefore, every year the existing pot should be replaced with a larger one.
- The best time to change the pot is in the spring months. When these months come, the existing pot should be replaced with one size larger.
- During repotting, you can follow these steps in order: The plant is carefully removed, its roots are trimmed, added to its soil, and replanted in the pot.
- This plant especially likes humus-rich soil.
- You can add clay, burnt manure, and compost soil to the garden soil to obtain humus soil.
- The soil of the plant should be changed every year along with the pot.
Heat / Temperature
- Like many plants, the Japanese rose does not like extreme heat and cold. Leaves may turn yellow in cold environments. If you are having such a problem and ask yourself, “Why do Japanese rose leaves turn yellow?” ; We recommend that you check the temperature of the environment where the flower is located.
- It shows a very nice and healthy development in warm environments.
- Likes lots of suns. The ideal room temperature is between 13-18 degrees. It cannot survive in environments where the temperature drops below 7 degrees.
- The Japanese rose flower should not be exposed to direct scorching sunlight.
- For healthy development, you should place your flower in a bright and airy place with plenty of sunlight.
- Japanese rose flower requires plenty of water in summer.
- After you change the soil/pot in the spring and the flowers start to bloom, you should give the plant plenty of water.
- If you are growing it in the garden, give it plenty of water every day. If you are growing in pots, you can water up to the level of the drainage hole.
- When the winter months come and the flowers fall, you should interrupt the irrigation process. Watering should only be done during this season when the soil is completely dry. If you continue to water the flower during the winter season, you may cause the flower to rot from the root.
- The leaves should be sprayed with water, especially on hot summer days.
- Many people who want to grow this plant indoors are looking for an answer to the question “When is the time to prune the Japanese rose”.
- If you are growing a Japanese rose in the garden, you can prune it at any time of the year.
- Pot-grown Japanese rose needs serious pruning from mid to late winter, after about a month of rest.
- In the pruning process, you should shorten the main trunk by one-third and the side branches by half.
- If you wish, you can shorten the elongated leaves to 2 leaves while changing the pot and soil in the spring.
- Root pruning should also be done to the Japanese rose grown in a pot.
- For root pruning, you should wait for the soil to dry out a little before the end of March or the beginning of April.
- After the soil dries, uproot the flower and clean it from the soil.
- Then try to untangle the tangled roots as much as you can. Cut off unhealthy roots.
- If you wish, you can also cut the roots that are too long. But remember that you can cut no more than 1/3 of the roots. Otherwise, you can damage the flower.
What Are the Types of Japanese Roses?
- Native to Asian countries, the Japanese flower is widely seen in Indonesia, Korea, China, and Japan.
- It is also the national flower of Malaysia.
- There are 82 species worldwide.
How to Root and Propagate a Japanese Rose?
- The rooting process of the Japanese rose is propagated by cutting, that is, by the rooting method. This method is also known as steel.
- In the cutting method, a piece of root, stem, or leaves is cut and this piece is multiplied in a different container with water or soil. These cuttings, which are placed in water, begin to root after a while.
- Cuttings should be made from non-lignified shoots.
- You can reproduce when the shoots reach 7.5-10 cm in length.
- The best time for Japanese rose propagation is between April and August.