Excessive salt intake increases stress

Excessive salt intake increases stress

The brain, the muscular system and the nervous system need sodium, but when its intake is not moderate, it brings health complications.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), high sodium intake increases blood pressure and the risk of heart disease. However, the international entity advises consuming iodized salt, “that is, “enriched” with iodine, which is essential for healthy brain development in the fetus and young child, as well as for optimizing mental functions in general.”

However, the European Food Information Council (EUFIC) points out, on the other hand, that salt is of such importance that it helps regulate blood pressure, and maintain the functions of the nervous and muscular system , as long as it is consumed moderately.

Its elimination occurs through urine and sweat, but complications are found when the kidneys, which are the organs that regulate sodium and water in the blood, have an imbalance caused by sodium and increase the volume of blood. blood, which puts pressure on the arteries, which is called high blood pressure.

When this happens, the heart is forced to work harder so that the body can function at its best.

Hypertension

The Mayo Clinic notes that high blood pressure is the “force that blood exerts against the walls of your arteries” that triggers heart health complications.

It is worth mentioning that this condition is also called hypertension and the symptoms are not perceived by those who present it, so it can be even more dangerous because it is silent.

The WHO specifies that at least 1,280 million adults between the ages of 30 and 79 are the most likely to develop it. “Barely one in five hypertensive adults (21%) has the problem under control ,” the entity points out.

The international organization affirms that to prevent hypertension, you should avoid smoking cigarettes; reduce the amount of salt that is ingested, even in canned products, for example; and restrict the consumption of unhealthy fats, among others.

The relationship of stress and high blood pressure

The article “High salt intake activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, amplifies the stress response, and alters tissue exposure to glucocorticoids in mice ,” chaired by Hannah M. Costello and published in Cardiovascular Research, states that excessive salt intake increases the action of glucocorticoids associated with stress.

Glucocorticoids are compounds that affect “metabolism and have anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. They can be produced naturally (hormones) or synthetically (drugs). It is also called a glucocorticosteroid,” notes the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

In addition, the National Library of Medicine of the United States, MedlinePlus, defines stress as “the way” in which the body responds to a situation, that is, how it reacts to an event that can be challenging or requires demand.

During stress, the body releases hormones sending a signal to act at a certain time. However, blood glucose and blood pressure can be greatly affected.

It should be noted that stress is not considered to be bad, since it can help in the reaction to situations that put a person’s life at risk. However, living with it can develop serious health conditions.

In conclusion, excessive salt consumption is not the only factor that influences hypertension and stress, in order to regulate it, physical activity and a potassium-rich eating plan that combats sodium (salt) are necessary.

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