Clemenules. Tangerines, sweet and juicy, with an intense aroma, a delicious flavor and a striking orange color, the clemenules variety is the queen of mandarins, several Spanish researchers confirmed this in a comparative study between different varieties of mandarins.
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- 1 Origin
- 2 Characteristics of the tree and production
- 3 Fruit quality:
- 4 Ripening time
- 5 Business experience and future potential
- 6 Source
It comes from a spontaneous mutation of Clementina Fina that originated in the town of Nules , Castellón , Spain , in 1953 .
Tree characteristics and production
Medium to large, vigorous tree with an open growth habit, flattened shape and dense foliage. It has a very prolonged flowering, more or less three marked, especially in warmer areas. It is susceptible to the death of developing flower buds during the spring, which induces a later flowering that gives rise to inferior quality fruits.
Although it is a productive tree , it responds well to treatments to increase fruit set such as applications of gibberellic acid or girdles to the trunk and / or branches. It is sensitive to excessive fruit drop in response to very hot periods during flowering and fruit setting, which can be partially solved by applications of gibberellic acid.
In Chile , although the temperatures favor good fruit set, the application of gibberellic acid for setting is a widespread practice and could sometimes cause excessive setting.
Clemenules is self-incompatible and incompatible with other Clementines, so in the absence of another pollinator it produces seedless fruits. In cross-pollination conditions with some mandarin hybrids ( Minneola , Fortune , Nova , Ortanique , Afourer ), they can develop more than 20 seeds per fruit.
The fruits are medium in size, with a thin, smooth rind and easy to peel when ripe. The fruit is prone to puffing if it is not harvested once it has taken color on the tree. Its pulp is flux and of very good quality, the soluble solids content fluctuates between 10 and 12 ° Brix and the acidity tends to decrease rapidly during ripening, which continues to decrease after harvest.
In most orchards, the internal maturity of the fruit is reached before the external, so the fruit is normally harvested before its full coloration and therefore requires very careful postharvest color management.
As the orchard develops, the size of the fruit tends to decrease sharply, which is why most orchards require production pruning.
Among the Clementines, Clemenules could be considered a mid-season variety. Its harvest time can last for more than a month due to its staggered flowering. In the early zones of northern Chile, its harvest takes place from the end of April to the end of May , while in the Central zone its harvest takes place from mid-May to the end of June .
Business experience and future potential
It is the most popular clementine variety in Spain, South Africa and Chile. Globally, Clemenules could be considered as the best variety of Clementine for its harvest period, although in Spain, it is being replaced by Oro grande, a practically indistinguishable variety, but which is thought to be somewhat earlier and with a more concentrated flowering and harvest.