Cactus Care: All Tips for Growing Cactus in 6 Steps
The cactus plant, which is suitable for growing in your home, office, kitchen and anywhere you can think of, attracts attention with its thorny structure. Cacti, which usually occupy the size of a hand, are preferred for decoration purposes in many indoor and outdoor spaces, as they are easy and effortless to care for. Cacti, which come to your home from the desert and continue to live with you, maintain their vitality for a long time when taken care of.
These thorny plants, which are examined in two groups as flowering and non-flowering cacti, attract attention mostly with their dark green color. With its round shape, it is both a sympathetic and aesthetic ornamental plant. Cactus varieties that grow without thorns have also become popular in recent years under the name “succulent”. When you enter a flower shop, you may notice that all the spaces are filled with cactus. If you want to fill the spaces in your home with small and cute cacti, we are here to give you the answer to the question of how to care for a cactus. Here is the curious cactus growing information!
How to Care for Cactus?
Step 1: Cactus Pot
- You bought the cactus from the flower shop and came home. When transferring to a new pot, the bottom of the pot will need to be perforated first. Cactus, which is a desert plant, does not like water very much. If you over-water it, it will drain the excess water out of the holes in the pot.
- The pot does not need to be very large. You can choose cactus pots in sizes where the roots can settle comfortably.
- It can easily maintain its vitality in a slightly larger pot than the old pot.
- Cacti adapted to growing in pots can survive at a temperature of 45 degrees at most. In winter cold, it can protect itself up to -20 degrees.
- It will be beneficial to keep it away from the wind while positioning the flower pot. The leaves of the plant, which is too windy, can be shaken and damaged. Likewise, it can lose its vitality in scorching heat. Temperature and location must be balanced as it moves from its natural environment to a potted environment.
- If the cactus you bought is very small in size, you can use mugs and cups that you do not use at home as flower pots.
- Especially in order to contribute to recycling, you can use your broken mugs in accordance with the concept of zero waste.
- You can witness the growth of cacti in their new places by planting them in cups.
Step 2: Cactus Soil
- It will be useful to know that the cactus requires a soil change from time to time.
- You should do the first soil change the day you get it. You can place large and small pebbles at the base of the pot before renewing the soil.
- If you add soil on top of the pebbles, you will protect the roots from excess water. This will also benefit the cactus.
- When you want to change the cactus soil, you can do it in very long time periods.
- Cactus is a plant suitable for soil changes made every few years. You can change the soil every year in April or every 2 years in April if you want.
- You can make your soil selection from soils with a thick sand mixture.
- You can also make a mixture of peat and pumice and use this soil. If you have used peat and pumice, do not forget to give artificial fertilizer from time to time.
- Cactus soil should not be compacted. Cactus roots spread and grow more easily if loose plant soil is used. In addition, better absorption of water added regularly is ensured.
Step 3: How to Plant a Cactus
- Place pebbles at the bottom of the pot where you want to plant the cactus.
- Add the soil of your choice on top of the gravel. It will be enough if you come halfway to the pot.
- Now place the cactus on top of the soil. Fill the remaining soil around the flower as well.
- As with every flower, you need to give the cactus its life water. You should control the moisture of the soil and give it enough life water. You can give life water with drinking water.
- If you give fertilizer to the planted cactus, it will retain its vitality longer.
- If you want to buy and grow seeds, you can buy cactus seeds and plant them.
Step 4: Watering the Cactus
- When watering cacti, you will first need to analyze the moisture of the soil. It will be important that not only the visible parts, but also the interior parts are dry.
- When you want to irrigate, make sure that the surface of the soil is dry. Then test the soil with a long toothpick. If you feel it is dry, you can water it.
- It is useful to keep the roots away from water. Irrigation of soils will be important at this point.
- By paying attention to the irrigation period, you can preserve the life of the plant. The cactus, which requires water twice a week in the summer heat, can survive with watering once a week in the winter cold.
- If there is remaining water in the pot plate before watering, it is necessary to pour the water.
- Otherwise, it may cause rot. You should be careful that the old water does not remain on the plate of the plants that you give life water.
- This step should be taken care of to prevent the formation of bacteria.
- You can spray the water to irrigate the cacti in small pots. In this way, you will prevent the small roots from taking too much water and prevent rotting.
- You can see that cacti grow more efficiently as a result of regular watering.
Step 5: Cactus Reproduction
- During the reproduction period of the cactus, a new and small plant is formed in the root part. If you can carefully root this plant, you will reproduce the cactus in a different pot.
- For cactus propagation, carefully uproot the new plant and place it in the new pot before time is up. After adding the soil, give a very small amount of life water.
- After a few days, your new plant will have grown accustomed to its own nest.
- June and September would be ideal for this process. When you get enough vitamins, you can sometimes witness calving in the spring.
Step 6: Cactus Flower: When and How Does It Bloom?
- We mentioned that cacti are flowering and non-flowering at the beginning of our article. If your cactus is of the flowering type, you can witness colorful blooms when the time comes.
- For a riot of colors rising through the thorns, it will be important that your plant is an adult. It is very difficult for new and juvenile plants to bloom.
- Cacti that bloom once in a year can carry this flower for a maximum of 50 days. This situation, which is seen due to the plant structure, upsets many flower growers.
- It should be noted that such is the nature of cacti. It is best to live this 50-day process to the fullest.
- In order for the cactus to bloom, it will need to stay in a light environment. It blooms in permeable soils and when it sees the sun.
- When you wake up one morning, you can witness pink or red or even yellow flowers on the thorns.
- Cactus care should not be neglected to witness this beautiful moment.
Bonus: What Are the Cactus Benefits?
Don’t let its thorny structure scare you! If you haven’t heard that cactus is an edible plant, you may be surprised once again with the benefits that are now on the list. According to university studies conducted in France and Vienna, cactus leaves can cure many problems when consumed carefully. Here are the benefits of cactus:
- Cactus leaves have anti-inflammatory properties in the stomach and intestines.
- Cactus roots contain substances that repair and regenerate brain cells.
- Cactus is a plant that accelerates metabolism.
- Cactus, which is an enemy of cancer, is effective enough to prevent the spread of cancer throughout the body. It fights free radicals and protects your body.
- It fights diabetes. Balances blood sugar.
- According to the results of the studies, it was stated that the cactus balances the cholesterol level and minimizes the risk of heart diseases.
So, does the cactus absorb radiation?
- It is said that the cactus plant absorbs radiation and therefore should be found frequently in office environments. There is no scientific proof of this information.
- Radiation absorbs water, and cactus is a plant that contains water.
- Because of this situation, such a relationship has been established. If you look at the subject from plants with high water content, you can have more different vegetables or fruits in the office.
- Although it does not have any scientific accuracy, it can be aesthetically elegant to have the cactus on your office desk or television unit. In other words, there is no harm in keeping the cactus in your home.
- We would like to emphasize that you should keep the thorny cacti away from small children. Flowering or non-flowering cacti that attract the attention of children can become dangerous with spines on their leaves.
- For this reason, you can put cacti in places where children cannot reach them.
- When you keep cacti in various corners of the house, you balance the humidity in the environment.
- Although there is no scientific proof yet, you can also prevent the spread of radiation.
- Because if you are worried about radiation, you can grow colorful cacti in homes where pregnant women and cancer patients live, both for precautionary purposes and for morale.