7 main symptoms of heartburn and what to do

Heartburn symptoms can occur after a large or fatty meal, as digestion is more complicated and can encourage the return of acidic stomach contents to the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the stomach, constant belching, a feeling of fullness and a bitter taste in the mouth.

Heartburn is a very uncomfortable condition and is more common in pregnant women and people who are overweight, as in these situations the stomach is under pressure from the surrounding structures. Learn more about heartburn.

If you experience heartburn symptoms, it is important to consult a gastroenterologist so that the cause can be identified and the most appropriate treatment can be started to alleviate and prevent the symptoms.

Main symptoms

The main symptoms of heartburn are:

  1. Indigestion;
  2. Burning sensation in the stomach, which may extend to the throat;
  3. Feeling of full stomach;
  4. Food reflux, which is the return of food from the stomach to the esophagus, towards the mouth;
  5. Constant and involuntary belching;
  6. Bloated stomach;
  7. Sour or bitter taste in the mouth.

Furthermore, in more severe cases, the reflux of hydrochloric acid from the stomach can reach the entire esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest area, which is called heartburn, as well as causing coughing, a bitter taste in the mouth and constant burping.

How is the diagnosis made?

The diagnosis of heartburn is made by a gastroenterologist by evaluating the signs and symptoms presented by the person. In addition, tests may be indicated to identify the cause related to heartburn, such as an upper digestive endoscopy, for example, which is an exam that can reveal changes in the larynx and esophagus, such as Barrett’s esophagus, and check the proper functioning of the valve that closes the stomach and prevents the reflux of food into the esophagus. Understand how an upper endoscopy is performed.

What to do

It is possible to promote relief from stomach pain and heartburn through some changes in your daily life, such as:

  • Avoid eating too much;
  • Avoid acidic, fatty, spicy or highly seasoned foods;
  • Do not smoke;
  • Do not drink anything with meals;
  • Do not lie down immediately after eating;
  • Use a high pillow to sleep or place a 10 cm wedge at the head of the bed;
  • Do not wear tight or tight clothing;
  • Don’t go too long without eating;
  • Do physical exercise regularly;
  • Only take medication under medical supervision.

The best remedies for heartburn are antacids, such as Pepsamar and Omeprazole. However, it is important to note that antacids work by reducing stomach acidity and can be effective for heartburn, but they do not always resolve the cause of heartburn, which is why it is important to consult a doctor. In addition, fennel tea and lemon juice are good options for relieving heartburn symptoms naturally. Check out other home remedies for heartburn.


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