10 importance of goats

The importance of goats like many other livestock, families raised goats first for meat production and then milk, earlier than dairy cows.

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  • The number, distribution and importance of goats

It is possible that goats were the first domesticated animals, about 9,000 to 7,000 years BC; before the dog. Therefore, goats play an important role in human life. Like many other livestock, goats are raised first for meat and then for milk; earlier than dairy cows. Thanks to the small stature of goats with the ability to climb, tolerate hardships and like to rest in many ecological zones, the dl is maintained and developed more than cows and buffaloes. Therefore, goat farming has played an important role for poor farmers with the popular saying: “Goat is the milk cow of the poor”.

The number, distribution and importance of goats

Ruminant cattle play an important role in the global agricultural economy due to the efficient utilization of the fiber-rich products of the crop industry. Fiber is the most regenerated substance in nature. Especially in developing countries, ruminant rearing is very interested in development because their main source of food is high-fiber by-products and because of the limited production of cereals per capita, in addition to providing a valuable source of organic fertilizer for rapidly degraded arable land. The table below shows the number of ruminants globally and in the developing world region.

Table 1 shows that the number of betel and cow herds in the world has grown steadily from 1992 to the present, but mainly in developing countries. Meanwhile the world’s sheep herd is decreasing, but in developing countries it is increasing; means that the sheep herds of the developed countries are rapidly decreasing

Table 1: Number of ruminants over a number of years (head)

Family cattle Area 1992 1995 2000 2001
Buffalo Global 153,073,696 159.240.650 165.061,734 167,611.168
D.PT 152,600,769 158.748,761 164,489,800 167.035.882
Cow Full crane 1,302.774,360 1,332,226,820 1,350.595,860 1,360,136,890
D.PT 917,420,667 965.142,625 1,022,434,850 1,032,039.410
Goat Global 597.634.625 666.538.550 719,539,594 693.456.713
D.PT 566.025.525

 

634.535.569 689,376,099 663,600,312
Lamb Global 1.161.255.500 1.092.201.880 1,055.631,300 1,059,107.230
D.PT 637,199,186 652,125,939 669,648,247 670.410,860

The herd of goats increased rapidly from 1992 to 2000, but then declined, mainly in developing countries. Thus, in the developing countries, the number of buffaloes, cows and sheep has increased steadily and quite rapidly in the past decade, but the herd of goats has increased but not evenly, with time being reduced. In 2001, the number of goats in the world was only 65.5% of the number of sheep, but in developing countries, the number of these two types of cattle is almost equal. Also in this year, compared with the total herd in the world, sheep of developing countries accounted for 63.3%; herd of cows is 75.88%; goat herd is 95.7% and buffalo herd is 99.68%. Thus, ruminant cattle have played a very important role in providing animal protein sources for the people of developing countries and by-products is skin; especially buffaloes and goats are mainly raised in developing countries.

Table 2: Ruminant livestock products in the world in 2001 (tons)

Cattle Milk Meat Fresh skin
Buffalo 66.739,684 3.118.086 819,623
Cow 490,783,938 66,869,956 7.329.153
Goat 12,345.332 3,734.956 823,225
Lamb 8.040,341 7.611,858 1.608.966

Table 2 shows that goat milk production is 1.5 times higher than sheep milk, nearly 19% buffalo milk, but accounted for 2.13% of the world’s total milk production in 2001 which was 577,909,295 tons. However, the yield of goat meat and skin is higher than these products from buffalo. Indeed, meat, milk and goat skin have played an important role in the lives of the peoples of Africa, the Indian subcontinent and western Asia.

Through two tables 1 and 2 show ruminant cattle; especially goats and buffaloes play a very important role in the life of farmers in developing countries. Some surveys show that goats provide 20-40% of the income of farmers in Pakistan. Recently, the role of goats in the lives of people in tropical countries has become clear due to the following reasons:

 

The population is booming in tropical countries, so the demand for animal protein is increasing markedly.

– This need is easily satisfied by rapidly increasing the herd of ruminant cattle capable of utilizing fiber, not competing for food with humans to turn into meat and milk for humans.

– Thus, the herd of goats can be increased more easily than buffaloes and cows due to low investment but the reproductive rate is much faster than that of cattle. In addition, it is easy to manage the dike herd with the family’s human resources.

– Due to rapid reproduction, goats can be improved faster than cattle through selective breeding, especially crossbreeding with imported high-yielding varieties.

– Recent studies have shown that improvements in feeding and management have significantly improved native goat herd productivity, especially for tropical hybrid goat herds.

The above reasons show that the development of goat herds for meat or dairy production is very useful for poor farmers who have no land or limited arable land; it is very difficult to develop herds of cows or buffaloes. In addition, goat meat has a special taste, which is preferred by the inhabitants of many tropical countries.

Goat meat has less fat than beef and lamb and the fat is evenly distributed throughout the meat counter. In addition, goat fat has less saturated fatty acids and cholesterol than beef and lamb fat. Goat milk has the same nutritional value as cow’s milk but has a higher percentage of small fat particles than cow’s milk, making it easier to digest. In addition, goat’s milk contains some anti-allergic substances, so it can be used for human organs prone to allergy to cow’s milk. Therefore, more and more people in Europe and America are interested in goat meat and milk.

Table 3: Number of ruminants and products in Vietnam

Family

cattle

Number of cattle (head) Products in 2001
1992 1995 2000 2001 Meat (heart) Skin

(ton)

Buffalo 2,886,500 2,962,800 2.897.220 2.897.220 92,450 17,200
Cow 3,201,800 3,638,900 4.127,800 4,200,000 won 97,000 won 5.689
Goat 312,300 550,500 543.867 600,000 won 4.875 812

The goat herd in our country increased rapidly from 1992 to 2001, but slowed down in 2000. However, with a total herd of 600,000 heads in 2001 compared to 4.2 million cows and nearly 2.9 million buffaloes, the Goat products also occupy a very modest position as goat meat is only about 5% more than buffalo or cow meat. This is probably because goat farming has only recently been noticed and developed. In addition, in Thuan Hai, which has the largest goat herd in the South, farmers tend to develop stronger sheep because sheep have a faster growth rate and they eat grass closer than goats.

In order to contribute to the rapid growth in number as well as to improve the quality and productivity of the goat herd through cross-breeding or purebring, we need to first understand the characteristics and production features of some goat breeds. goats are important in the world and in the country.

 

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